• Horse and Carriage in front of Hampton NHS

    Hampton

    National Historic Site Maryland

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  • The Gardens at Hampton

    The Hampton gardens are in bloom. Come see and stroll through the historic gardens from 8:30 am to 5 pm daily.

  • New Tour Hours

    Beginning on Thursday, March 13, 2014, Hampton's mansion and farm buildings will be open for tours from 10 am - 4 pm, Thursday - Sunday.

  • Vistior Contact Station Update-Construction Advisory

    Phase III will continue as designed and this is the longest phase of the project. The Entrance Road and Parking Area will be defined. PARKING IS VERY LIMITED AND BUSES ARE PROHIBITED FROM THE MANSION'S PARKING LOT AND PARKING ANYWHERE ON THE SITE. More »

Architecture

Hampton is significant for its late-Georgian architecture. It is big, bold, vigorous, and dramatic. Charles Ridgely, the builder, has been similarly described.

This is the largest Georgian style residence extant in this country. Hallmarks of Georgian design: rigid symmetry, 5-part composition, axial entrances, geometrical proportions, pedimented gable ends, and sash windows are all obvious in Hampton's design.

 
central pavillion
The central pavilion with pediment and bold pilasters became a striking feature as the Georgian style progressed.
 
Palladian window

A popular feature was the Palladian window, seen here crowning the central pavilion.

 
scroll decorated dormer
The scroll decorated dormers make a major statement on Hampton's roof.
 
cupola
The designer might well have had a public building rather than a residence in mind when the cupola was proportioned.
 
The exterior treatment of this window is shown on the left side of the drawing, the interior on the right.
On the exterior, windows are framed simply, but the interior treatment is with elaborate broken pediments and trim in the central portion.
 
finials in the snow
Urns topping the pediment are typical in the late-Georgian, however, at Hampton they have become elaborate crowning finials.
 
bold cornice
The bold cornice detail is typical of the style. This detail continues on the East and West wings and connecting segments, called hyphens, but the scale is reduced for these smaller links in the five--part design.
 
An image of the north front of the mansion with architectural features identified.
 
 

Did You Know?

Three Generations of the Ridgely Family

Six generations of the Ridgely family occupied this house. Three masters were named Charles and three were named John.