• Horse and Carriage in front of Hampton NHS

    Hampton

    National Historic Site Maryland

Architecture

Hampton is significant for its late-Georgian architecture. It is big, bold, vigorous, and dramatic. Charles Ridgely, the builder, has been similarly described.

This is the largest Georgian style residence extant in this country. Hallmarks of Georgian design: rigid symmetry, 5-part composition, axial entrances, geometrical proportions, pedimented gable ends, and sash windows are all obvious in Hampton's design.

 
central pavillion
The central pavilion with pediment and bold pilasters became a striking feature as the Georgian style progressed.
 
Palladian window

A popular feature was the Palladian window, seen here crowning the central pavilion.

 
scroll decorated dormer
The scroll decorated dormers make a major statement on Hampton's roof.
 
cupola
The designer might well have had a public building rather than a residence in mind when the cupola was proportioned.
 
The exterior treatment of this window is shown on the left side of the drawing, the interior on the right.
On the exterior, windows are framed simply, but the interior treatment is with elaborate broken pediments and trim in the central portion.
 
finials in the snow
Urns topping the pediment are typical in the late-Georgian, however, at Hampton they have become elaborate crowning finials.
 
bold cornice
The bold cornice detail is typical of the style. This detail continues on the East and West wings and connecting segments, called hyphens, but the scale is reduced for these smaller links in the five--part design.
 
An image of the north front of the mansion with architectural features identified.
 
 

Did You Know?

Charles Carnan Ridgely

The second master, Charles Carnan Ridgely, was the governor of Maryland three times: in 1815, 1816, and 1817.