Riparian vegetation includes black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa), bulrush (Scirpus spp.), and cattails (Typha spp.). Willows (Salix spp.) are most common in the vicinity of the dam and the falls to the north and south of the Monument.
The Monument is also important to microbiotic plants, usually forming a soil crust or found on aging brush or rocks. USGS-BRD botanists have indicated that the exclusion of grazing makes portions of the Monument significant as a botanical preserve.
Facilitating the conservation of
Did You Know?
The zebra-like horse fossil Equus simplicidens was originally named Plesippus shoshonensis by Dr. Gidley, Smithsonian paleontologist, who led the 1929 excavation at Hagerman. He felt the fossil was different enough to represent a new species distinct from any other fossil horses.