Riparian vegetation includes black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa), bulrush (Scirpus spp.), and cattails (Typha spp.). Willows (Salix spp.) are most common in the vicinity of the dam and the falls to the north and south of the Monument.
The Monument is also important to microbiotic plants, usually forming a soil crust or found on aging brush or rocks. USGS-BRD botanists have indicated that the exclusion of grazing makes portions of the Monument significant as a botanical preserve.
Facilitating the conservation of
Did You Know?
The Monument’s fossil record includes plants and animals that lived in the Hagerman area about 3.5 million years ago in a wet and mostly forested floodplain.