• Sun beginning to set at Harpers Ferry, as seen from Maryland Heights. Photo by NPS Volunteer Buddy Secor.

    Harpers Ferry

    National Historical Park WV,VA,MD

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  • Change in Park Hours

    The park is currently open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. with the last shuttle bus departing Lower Town at 6:45 p.m. More »

  • Murphy Farm Closure Sept 2-4, 2014

    The Murphy Farm will be closed to public access Sept. 2-4, 2014 to allow application of fertilizer to the hayfields. For further information please click on the "More" link or contact the park’s Resource Management Specialist at 304-535-6038. More »

Mammals

White-tailed deer

White-tailed deer can be seen in several areas of the park.

Photo: Jessica Starkey

The park is home to more than 30 mammal species. Some of these, however, such as the American mink (Mustela vison) and the short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda) are not frequently observed. Hiking the Appalachian Trail up Loudoun Heights, gray and fox squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis and S. niger) can be viewed scurrying to stash their food, while eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus) are commonly seen running right along the trail's edge. In a 2001 mammal survey, the southern flying squirrel (Glaucomys volans) was found to be making its home within the park.

During the early morning hours, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) can be found browsing on understory vegetation as hikers make their way to the
MarylandHeights overlook. Throughout the day, groundhogs (Marmota monax) often peek up from vegetation along almost any roadside within the park, while after dark, Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginianus) and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are more likely to be encountered in these areas.

Did You Know?

The present day view from Jefferson Rock is still breathtaking.

Thomas Jefferson visited Harpers Ferry in 1783 and wrote "The passage of the Patowmac through the Blue Ridge is perhaps one of the most stupendous scenes in Nature."