• The Cathedral Group from the Teton Park Road

    Grand Teton

    National Park Wyoming

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  • Seasonal road closures in effect

    Seasonal road closures are in effect for motorized vehicles. The Teton Park Road is closed from the Taggart Lake Trailhead to the Signal Mountain Lodge. The Moose-Wilson Road is closed from the Granite Canyon Trailhead to the Death Canyon Road. More »

  • Avalanche hazards exist in the park

    Avalanche hazards exist in the park, especially in mountain canyons and on exposed slopes. A daily avalanche forecast can be found at www.jhavalanche.org or by calling (307) 733-2664. More »

  • Bears emerging from hibernation

    Bears are beginning to emerge from hibernation. Travel in groups of three of more, make noise and carry bear spray. Visitors must stay at least 100 yards from bears. More »

Museums for the Parks - Countdown: 18 Days

August 07, 2012 Posted by: DL

In 1924, when John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and his sons toured Mesa Verde, Yellowstone, and Glacier National Parks, the National Park Service was only eight years old.  Much had been accomplished - improved roads, better accommodations, a growing group of loyal and educated Park Rangers - but the interpretive program planned by NPS Director Stephen Mather was only just developing.

Naturalist Edwin McKeee shows the canyon to visitors from the parapet of Yavapai Observation Station. Circa 1930. NPS Photo
Naturalist Edwin McKeee shows the canyon to visitors from the parapet
of
Yavapai Observation Station.  Circa 1930. (NPS Photo)

After Rockefeller and his sons received a personal tour of Mesa Verde National Park by Superintendent Jesse Nusbaum, Rockefeller wanted to support interpretive and educational programs throughout the National Parks.  In addition to funding a museum at Mesa Verde, Rockefeller funded other museums in the new National Park System through the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial, a foundation established by John D. Rockefeller, Sr. in memory of his wife.  In 1923 the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial gave the American Association of Museums funding to oversee the building of a new Yosemite museum, designed by Herbert Maier.  In addition, grants from the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial also funded the Yavapai Observation Station on the south rim of the Grand Canyon. 

West facing exposure of Yavapai Museum. 17 June 1929. (NPS Photo/George Grant)
West facing exposure of Yavapai Museum.  17 June 1929.
(NPS Photo/George Grant)

In 1928 the Rockefeller Memorial contributed $118,000 for four museums in Yellowstone National Park at Old Faithful, Fishing Bridge, Norris Geyser Basin, and Madison.  These museums became landmarks of the National Park Service 'rustic style' and served as models for other hundreds of buildings under the auspices of the National Park Service.  Equally important, the buildings served as some of the first "trailside museums," where visitors could receive orientation to an area through the National Park Service's interpretive programs.  For both architectural and educational reasons, these buildings play an important role in the history of the National Park Service.

Norris Trailside Museum(NPS Photo/RC Townsend)
Norris Trailside Museum (NPS Photo/RC Townsend)

-DL

Sources:

(1)    Newhall, Nancy. "A Contribution to the Heritage of Every American." New York: Alfred Knopf Publishing. 1957.

(2)    Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/harrison/harrisont.htm

Did You Know?

Beaver Dick Leigh and his family.

Did you know that Jenny and Leigh Lakes are named for the fur trapper “Beaver” Dick Leigh and his wife Jenny (not pictured)? Beaver Dick and Jenny assisted the Hayden party that explored the region in 1872. This couple impressed the explorers to the extent that they named the lakes in their honor.