• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

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  • Trail Advisory

    Several trails in the park are temporarily closed. Please check the "Backcountry Facilities" section of the Temporary Road and Facilities Closures page for further details. More »

Amphibian Checklist

Amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park


Order SALIENTIA—Frogs and Toads


  • Bufo americanus americanus—Eastern American toad
  • Bufo fowleri—Fowler’s toad


  • Acris crepitans crepitans—Northern cricket frog
  • Hyla chrysoscelis—Cope’s gray treefrog
  • Pseudacris crucifer crucifer—Northern spring peeper
  • Pseudacris triseriata—Western chorus frog


  • Gastrophryne carolinensis—Eastern narrow-mouthed toad


  • Scaphiopus holbrooki holbrooki—Eastern spadefoot toad


  • Rana catesbeiana—Bullfrog
  • Rana clamitans melanota—Green frog
  • Rana palustris—Pickerel frog
  • Rana sphenocephala utricularia—Southern leopard frog
  • Rana sylvatica—Wood frog

Order CAUDATA—Salamanders


  • Ambystoma maculatum—Spotted salamander
  • Ambystoma opacum—Marbled salamander
  • Ambystoma talpoideum—Mole salamander


  • Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis—Eastern hellbender


  • Necturus maculosus maculosus—Mudpuppy


  • *Aneides aeneus—Green salamander
  • Desmognathus aeneus—Seepage salamander
  • Desmognathus conanti—Spotted dusky salamander
  • Desmognathus imitator—Imitator salamander
  • Desmognathus marmoratus—Shovelnose salamander
  • Desmognathus monticola—Seal salamander
  • Desmognathus ocoee—Ocoee salamander
  • Desmognathus quadramaculatus—Blackbelly salamander
  • Desmognathus santeetlah—Santeetlah dusky salamander
  • Desmognathus wrighti—Pigmy salamander
  • Eurycea guttolineata—Three-lined salamander
  • Eurycea junaluska—Junaluska salamander
  • Eurycea longicauda—Longtail salamander
  • Eurycea lucifuga—Cave salamander
  • Eurycea wilderae—Blue Ridge two-lined salamander
  • Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi—Blue Ridge spring salamander
  • Hemidactylium scutatum—Four-toed salamander
  • Plethodon glutinosus—Slimy salamander
  • Plethodon jordani—Jordan’s salamander
  • Plethodon metcalfi—Southern gray-cheeked salamander
  • Plethodon serratus—Southern redback salamander
  • Plethodon teyahalee—Southern Appalachian slimy salamander
  • Plethodon ventralis—Southern zigzag salamander
  • Pseudotriton montanus diastictus—Midland mud salamander
  • Pseudotriton ruber schencki—Blackchin red salamander


  • Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens—Red-spotted newt

*Aneides aeneus has been documented in the park’s fauna, but has not been seen in the park for at least 70 years.

Revised 5-98 by Steve Tilley, Smith College; Sandy Echternacht, University of Tennessee; Dana Soehn and Don Defoe, National Park Service


Collins, J.T., A Checklist of North American Native Amphibians and Reptiles

Redmond, W. H., A.C. Echternacht and A.F. Scott. Annotated Checklist and Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles of Tennessee (1835 through 1989)

Redmond, W. H. and A.F. Scott. Atlas of Amphibians in Tennessee

The Center for North American Amphibians and Reptiles website.(http://eagle.cc.ukans.edu/~cnaar/CNAARHomePage.html)

Did You Know?

The park is named for the misty clouds that hang over the mountains.

The wispy, smoke-like fog that hangs over the Smoky Mountains comes from rain and evaporation from trees. On the high peaks of the Smokies, an average of 85 inches of rain falls each year, qualifying these upper elevation areas as temperate rain forests. More...