• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

Amphibian Checklist

Amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Class AMPHIBIA

Order SALIENTIA—Frogs and Toads

BUFONIDAE

  • Bufo americanus americanus—Eastern American toad
  • Bufo fowleri—Fowler’s toad

HYLIDAE

  • Acris crepitans crepitans—Northern cricket frog
  • Hyla chrysoscelis—Cope’s gray treefrog
  • Hyla cinerea—Green treefrog [not native]
  • Pseudacris crucifer crucifer—Northern spring peeper
  • Pseudacris triseriata—Western chorus frog

MICROHYLIDAE

  • Gastrophryne carolinensis—Eastern narrow-mouthed toad

PELOBATIDAE

  • Scaphiopus holbrooki holbrooki—Eastern spadefoot toad

RANIDAE

  • Rana catesbeiana—Bullfrog
  • Rana clamitans melanota—Green frog
  • Rana palustris—Pickerel frog
  • Rana sphenocephala utricularia—Southern leopard frog
  • Rana sylvatica—Wood frog


Order CAUDATA—Salamanders

AMBYSTOMATIDAE

  • Ambystoma maculatum—Spotted salamander
  • Ambystoma opacum—Marbled salamander
  • Ambystoma talpoideum—Mole salamander

CRYPTOBRANCHIDAE

  • Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis—Eastern hellbender

PROTEIDAE

  • Necturus maculosus maculosus—Mudpuppy

PLETHODONTIDAE

  • *Aneides aeneus—Green salamander
  • Desmognathus aeneus—Seepage salamander
  • Desmognathus conanti—Spotted dusky salamander
  • Desmognathus imitator—Imitator salamander
  • Desmognathus marmoratus—Shovelnose salamander
  • Desmognathus monticola—Seal salamander
  • Desmognathus ocoee—Ocoee salamander
  • Desmognathus quadramaculatus—Black-bellied salamander
  • Desmognathus santeetlah—Santeetlah dusky salamander
  • Desmognathus wrighti—Pigmy salamander
  • Eurycea guttolineata—Three-lined salamander
  • Eurycea junaluska—Junaluska salamander
  • Eurycea longicauda—Longtail salamander
  • Eurycea lucifuga—Cave salamander
  • Eurycea wilderae—Blue Ridge two-lined salamander
  • Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi—Blue Ridge spring salamander
  • Hemidactylium scutatum—Four-toed salamander
  • Plethodon glutinosus—Slimy salamander
  • Plethodon jordani—Jordan’s salamander
  • Plethodon metcalfi—Southern gray-cheeked salamander
  • Plethodon serratus—Southern redback salamander
  • Plethodon teyahalee—Southern Appalachian slimy salamander
  • Plethodon ventralis—Southern zigzag salamander
  • Pseudotriton montanus diastictus—Midland mud salamander
  • Pseudotriton ruber schencki—Blackchin red salamander

SALAMANDRIDAE

  • Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens—Red-spotted newt
 

Notes
*Aneides aeneus has been documented in the park’s fauna, but has not been seen in the park for at least 70 years.

Revised 5-98 by Steve Tilley, Smith College; Sandy Echternacht, University of Tennessee; Dana Soehn and Don Defoe, National Park Service

References

Collins, J.T., A Checklist of North American Native Amphibians and Reptiles

Redmond, W. H., A.C. Echternacht and A.F. Scott. Annotated Checklist and Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles of Tennessee (1835 through 1989)

Redmond, W. H. and A.F. Scott. Atlas of Amphibians in Tennessee

The Center for North American Amphibians and Reptiles website.(http://eagle.cc.ukans.edu/~cnaar/CNAARHomePage.html)

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