Collaborating with researchers & partners
The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation works for clean air.
The problem of air pollution isn’t limited to the skies over Class I areas such as Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and neither is solving it. Many governmental, non-profit, and educational groups are involved with the park's efforts to monitor air quality. These include the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, the Tennessee Valley Authority, state governments of North Carolina and Tennessee, and local air programs such as Knox County Air Pollution Control and environmental groups.
A USGS project collects falling leaves in the park. Researchers will test the leaves for mercury, which the leaves can absorb from polluted air.
Academic researchers, including PhD students and their professors, are vital collaborators. They conduct research on air pollution and air quality, including these past and ongoing permitted research projects:
- Acid deposition impacts on streams, aquatic life, bird productivity, and Frasier fir and red spruce trees
- Hiker health, air quality, traffic congestion, and emissions
- IMPROVE visibility modeling to measure how particles of pollution scatter light
- Inventory and Assessment of Night Sky Quality: how dark is it?
- Lichen inventory and monitoring
- Look Rock Supersite—monitoring of many air quality measures at high elevations
- Mercury in precipitation, and its impacts on the park's biota
- Modeling acid deposition levels across the mountainous park
- Mountain Acid Deposition Program (MADPro) to monitor the acidity of cloudwater
- Nitrogen studies: how levels vary and how it impacts spruce-fir forests
- Ozone damage on cutleaf coneflowers, tall milkweed, wildflowers, and eastern hardwood forests
- UV-B damage during forest tree reproduction and pollination
What we learn from these monitoring and research forms the foundation for policy to clean the air. Go on to Applying air quality results for cleaner air or return to Meet the Managers.