PUBLIC NOTICE of Annual Turbidity in Drinking Water
Contact: Shannan Marcak, 928-638-7958
Grand Canyon, Ariz. -- Each year in the spring (April – June), Grand Canyon National Park experiences an increase in turbidity in the drinking water. This increased turbidity is caused by snow melt, spring rains recharging the aquifer and increased water flows through the rock formations to Roaring Springs, the point of supply for the Grand Canyon National Park Public Water Supply System. As water flows through the rock formations, very small particles of inorganic material are dissolved from the rock and are held in suspension in the water. This suspended inorganic material is too small to be removed by the centrifugal separation process used at Roaring Springs and remains in the potable water. These particles of dissolved rock and minerals appear in the potable water as a slight tint or a noticeable cloudiness. The extent of the turbidity is directly proportional to the amount of snowmelt and rainwater that flows through the rock formations.
This annual turbidity event has been exhaustively researched and evaluated for the past fifteen (15) years by the National Park Service, by independent laboratories, by the US Public Health Service, and by the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ). The turbidity is caused by dissolved inorganic material such as silicates and calcium precipitates suspended in the water. The Roaring Springs Water Risk Assessment performed in August 1995 states: "Particle characterization testing…indicates that the turbidity are comprised of silicon, aluminum, oxygen, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and iron. This indicates that the particles are from common sedimentary rock". No organic materials have been identified during these investigations of the turbidity event. Although the dissolved inorganic material causes the water to be slightly cloudy, it is well below maximum contaminate levels established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is not harmful to health.
Turbidity has no health effects but can interfere with the disinfection processes practiced at the
Grand Canyon National Park operates a Public Water Supply System licensed and approved by the EPA and by the ADEQ. All potable water provided by the Public Water Supply System must meet federal and State of Arizona standards at all times. Although this turbidity can cause cloudiness in the potable water, it does not create a health risk to the public.
For additional information, please contact Dave Welborn, Utility Systems Supervisor, Grand Canyon National Park at 928-638-3019 or 928-638-7673 or by email at e-mail us.
Did You Know?
Within the Grand Canyon, the type and abundance of organisms is directly related to the presence or absence of water. The Colorado River and its tributaries, as well as springs, seeps, stock tanks and ephemeral pools provide oases to flora and fauna in this semi-arid southwest desert area.