Important Bird Area
What is an Important Bird Area?
Reasons for IBA Recognition
1. The park supports species identified as high conservation priorities. Out of the 51 bird species listed by the Nevada Partners in Flight, 28 species have range distributions within this IBA.
2. The park contains rare, threatened, or unusual habitats. The high elevation habitats (alpine and subalpine) are unusual in Nevada.
3. This site is exceptional in the state because of its natural or near-natural habitat, meaning that there is little to no human disturbance.
Great Basin Bird Habitats
Bird Species of Focus in the Great Basin National Park IBA
Threats to the Great Basin National Park IBA
Invasive Plants: There are 43 invasive weed species present in the park, and four of are particular concern. They are Musk thistle, Spotted knapweed, Bull thistle, and Field bindweed.
Groundwater Pumping: There have been some efforts to pump and transport water to southern Nevada, which would negatively affect the water quantity and wildlife habitat within the park.
Did You Know?
The Sagebrush, a very common resident of Great Basin National Park, is well adapted to the area. The Big Sagebrush root system can extend as much as 90 feet in circumference. This adaptation allows the plant to collect as much water as possible during infrequent rains.