People of the Parks: Early Peoples
Golden Gate NRA, Park Archives, Portrait of Juan Bautista de Anza, GOGA 18014.
Golden Gate NRA, Park Archives, PAM Photo Collection, GOGA 35256
English and Russian exploration compelled Spain to strengthen its control of Alta California. In 1769, Gaspar de Portola led an overland expedition north from Mexico. Near Half Moon Bay, the expedition encountered a friendly Ohlone tribe Portola called the Costanoans, derived from the Spanish word Costenos meaning "Coastal People." Juan Bautista de Anza, on his second expedition from the Southwest, reached the mouth of the Bay in 1776. Already familiar with Spaniards, the Ohlone treated members of the expedition like distinguished guests-paralleling the experience of Drake and Portola.
Golden Gate NRA, Park Archives, PAM Photograph Collection, GOGA-1766
Today, the GGNRA and the Presidio Trust work with members of the Coast Miwok and the Ohlone to highlight tribal history. At Crissy Field shell mounds were re-created to educate visitors about Ohlone burial practices. An annual reenactment ride led by the non-profit organization Amigos de Anza memorializes the Anza Expedition and the Presidio's Spanish heritage.