• View of the Golden Gate Bridge, taken from the Marin Headlands, looking towards San Francisco at sunrise.

    Golden Gate

    National Recreation Area California

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    The Barry/Baker tunnel on Bunker Road will be closed for maintenance during the weeks of 6/2 and 6/9. The tunnel will be open on the weekends. Please use Conzelman Road instead. More »

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    The Muir Beach Overlook will be closed for Accessibility improvements and trail upgrades from June 2 through July 21. Alternate viewpoints are available along Highway 1 between there and Stinson Beach.

Major Ephraim Dyer, Jr. Collection

GOGA 26603 Ephraim Dyer Jr Collection Coat

Field Jacket worn by Major Ephraim Dyer, Jr. while serving at the Presidio of San Francisco, circa 1950.

Golden Gate NRA, Museum Collection, GOGA 26603

Ephraim Dyer, Jr., named for his grandfather, was born in Alvarado County in 1881 to a pioneer California family descendant from English colonists that became sugar-manufacturing magnates. In 1850, Ephraim Dyer, Sr. of Sullivan, Maine caught gold fever and set sail for California on a steamship. Arriving in San Francisco in September, he worked various jobs and then went to Union City and worked for J.M. Horner, a well-respected California farmer. After briefly renting a vineyard in Los Angeles, in 1858 Dyer, Sr. was the first passenger to make the journey to Maine via the Overland Mail Railroad Line in order to explore a cattle-driving route linking California to the east coast. En route, he married Ellen F. Ingalls in Illinois, the daughter of a ship builder in Maine, and the couple returned to California by steamship in the fall of 1859. They settled in Alvarado, California where he was appointed U.S. Deputy Surveyor in 1861. As Surveyor, he conducted Government surveys for the land that extended from the Oregon border to below Lake Tahoe, for which work a landmark in Plumas was named in his honor—Mount Dyer. In 1864, the Alvarado Guard was created as part of the State of California Militia Guard to protect local citizens during the Civil War. Ephraim Dyer, Sr. was elected Captain and Commander, a position he held until the unit was disbanded in 1867. In 1870, he invested in his family's sugar-manufacturing business built by his brother, Ebenezer Herrick (E.H.) Dyer.

 
GOGA 26684 Major Ephram Dyer, Jr Collection Oozlefinches

These three figurines were owned by Major Ephraim Dyer, Jr. and depict the Oozlefinch, the historic mascot of the Coast Artillery. The Oozlefinch was a featherless bird that flew backwards at incredible speed and was able to see long distances with their oversize eyes.

Golden Gate NRA, Museum Collection, GOGA 26684

E.H. Dyer came to Alvarado, California in the spring of 1858 to help manage Ephraim's farming interests. From 1859 to 1861, he served as surveyor of Alameda County establishing township maps and checking boundaries for title claims. From 1861 to 1871, he was also appointed U.S. Deputy Surveyor for the State of California. Upon inspection of the U.S. beet sugar industry, he noted that much of America's sugar was imported and sought to establish the industry domestically. E.H. sent for beet seeds from Germany and planted test plots on his brother's Alvarado land. Soon, the Dyers joined other beet producers in the area and founded the California Beet Sugar Company. E.H. built a small wheel steamer named "The Rosa" to transport their product down the Alameda Creek to the factory in Union City. E.H. and Ephraim enlisted the help of their sons and with the enlarged Dyer workforce threw their energies into the newly purchased Sacramento Beet Sugar Company. Unfortunately, this venture failed, but E.H. began the Standard Sugar Manufacturing Company with the aid of outside stockholders in 1879. By 1888, the Dyers' company had attracted the attention of Claus Spreckles and other sugar magnates.

Ephraim Dyer, Jr. attended U.C. Berkeley as an engineering major. On October 19, 1909, the San Francisco Call ran an announcement for Ephraim's engagement to fellow Berkeley alumna Zoe Riley, the eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P.T. Riley of Berkeley. Both graduates of U.C. Berkeley in 1907, Zoe was one of the best known women at the university and Dyer was a well-regarded football player. Immediately after graduation, he began working in the structural engineering field in San Francisco. From 1908 to 1915, he worked for the Rindge Land and Navigation Company on Palm Tract, San Joaquin River Delta as well as for the Natomas Corporation at Wheatland in Yuba County.

 
GOGA 35308 Ephraim Dyer Jr Collection 1940 Christmas Menu
This 1940 Christmas dinner menu and program was given to Second Lieutenant Ephraim Dyer, Jr. while he served with Battery F of the 65th Coast Artillery (Anti-Aircraft) at Fort Barry. The image on the left depicts the cover and interior menu while the image on the right depicts the interior roster, which features Second Lieutenant Dyer’s name on the left page.
Golden Gate NRA, Park Archives, Major Ephraim Dyer, Jr. Collection, GOGA 35308
 
GOGA 35308 Ephraim Dyer Jr Collection WWII Europe Map

Also owned by Major Ephraim Dyer, Jr., this World War II, VII Corps map of Europe depicts the D-Day assault in which he took part.

Golden Gate NRA, Park Archives, Major Ephraim Dyer, Jr. collection, GOGA 35308

Prior to U.S. entry into World War II, Ephraim Dyer, Jr. enlisted in the U.S. Army Coast Artillery and was stationed at Fort Barry with the 65th Coast Artillery in 1940. During the war, he participated in the storming of Normandy in 1944 and returned to the U.S. as a Major, serving with the 6th Army at the Presidio of San Francisco in the 1950s.

The Dyer collection was donated to the Presidio Army Museum over a period of months in 1976 by three separate individuals: Ephraim Dyer, Jr., his wife Zoe, and his daughter Ruth. In addition to items pertaining to Ephraim's career, the collection features archival materials and objects owned by Zoe's father, Captain Peter T. Riley, who served in the Spanish American War in Company I, 8th California Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

 
 

Did You Know?

Lithograph of Ohlone headdresses by Louis Choris, 1822.

Historical archaeologists often turn to ethnographic artwork to learn more about material culture.