• View of the Golden Gate Bridge, taken from the Marin Headlands, looking towards San Francisco at sunrise.

    Golden Gate

    National Recreation Area California

Rocks on the Move at Point Bonita: Keepers of the Light and Land

Stacks of pillow basalt at black sand beach in the Marin Headlands.

Stacks of pillow basalt at Black Sands Beach in the Marin Headlands

NPS Suzanne Garcia

This Rocks on the Move excursion brings students to the Point Bonita lighthouse trail, a location with both maritime and geologic significance. The high cliffs and volcanic rocks form a dramatic backdrop for students to work collaboratively to produce a simplified version of F. Leslie Ransome’s 1893 geologic map of Point Bonita. Students work in teams to answer their questions about the changing landscape of an investigation site of their choosing.

By the end of the program, students have the opportunity to recognize evidence of weathering and erosion on Franciscan Complex rocks, and to consider the reasons why some of the Point Bonita pillow lavas remain essentially unchanged from the 1870s, while other sections of trail erode and slide frequently. Students speculate on how the continued processes of weathering, erosion, human activity and climate change may impact the Point Bonita landscape in the future.

Click on the buttons on the right side of this page to take a virtual tour of the Point Bonita trail, and to see the geologic investigation sites.

To learn more about the Rocks on the Move experience at Point Bonita, view our annotated curriculum guide, with links to lesson plans and activities.

Did You Know?

Franklin Street at Fort Mason

By the 1850s, Fort Mason was established as a military installation and the buildings on Franklin Street, constructed between 1864 and 1913, are some of the earliest remaining buildings at Fort Mason.