• View of the Golden Gate Bridge, taken from the Marin Headlands, looking towards San Francisco at sunrise.

    Golden Gate

    National Recreation Area California

Developing an Essential Question

The essential question of our geology curricula, How do I recognize evidence of geologic change in my environment?, is intended to be a theme or thread, linking all curriculum components together. The question has the following characteristics:

Transportable: The essential question can be asked in any educational setting: National Park, school, neighborhood, Earth, and during any part of the Rocks on the Move curriculum: pre-site visit, on-site program, and post-site lessons.

Multi-sensory: The essential question can be answered using many senses. We can observe geologic changes, visually, or by feel (shaking ground), smell (volcanic activity), taste (salt air), hearing (hear the rumble of an earthquake or landslide).

Universal: All students have experienced geologic change of some sort or another by being residents of planet Earth, so all students have personal experiences to draw upon and share.

Process-oriented: The essential question addresses process (geologic changes and how they occur) rather than solely observation/description (rock identification and mapping).

Did You Know?

Endangered serpentine plant, Presidio clarkia

Serpentine soils are home to many rare and endangered plants because they lack nutrients and contain metals toxic to plants--conditions that have led to special adaptations in the plants that can survive on them.