• Winter light on the Fairweather Range

    Glacier Bay

    National Park & Preserve Alaska

Halibut Activity #1: Halibut Family Reunion

halibut

Procedure

1. Student Resource: All About Halibut Distribute a copy of the Student Resource: All About Halibut to each student and show the Halibut Slide Show. More advanced students can also use the Internet Resources. Discuss the life history of the halibut.

What changes does this fish experience as it matures?
Answer: Halibut begin as eggs. The eggs change to larva and finally, at six months, to fully formed fish. When the larva are about an inch long, the left eye migrates over the snout to the right side of the head, and the color of the left side fades. At this point they have become fully-formed fish.

  1. Does it stay in the same place as it grows and changes? Explain.
    Answer: Free-floating eggs and larvae float for up to 6 months and are transported up to several hundred miles by deep currents of the North Pacific. As the larvae grow they become lighter, rise nearer to the surface and migrate to the shallower waters, floating on the surface currents. Most young halibut ultimately spend from 5-7 years in rich, shallow nursery grounds. Generally, young halibut are found close to shore, and older, larger individuals in deeper water near the edge of the continental shelf. However, in the summer months, larger halibut move towards shallower water. Halibut up to 10 years of age migrate often in a clockwise direction east and south throughout the Gulf of Alaska. Older halibut don't migrate as much. These older fish often use both shallow and deep waters over the annual cycle.
  2. How does each stage move? Water currents? Muscle movement? Explain.
    Answer: In the egg and larval stages up to about 6 months the Halibut is moved by currents both across and up and down the water column. Older halibut use their muscles to move.
  3. What does it need to survive at the different stages of its development?
    Answer: Larva feed mostly on plankton. Mature halibut are able to eat a large variety of fishes. In fact, halibut will feed on almost any animal they can fit in their mouths including: sand lance, octopus, crab, salmon, hermit crabs, lamprey, sculpin, cod, pollock and flounder. Halibut need a sandy bottom in which they can hide and wait for prey.
 
Student Activity: Halibut Hangouts

Student Resource: Halibut Hangouts

2. Student Resource: Halibut Hangouts

Distribute the Student Resource: Halibut Hangouts to small groups of students. Using the picture of the water column on the handout, have students annotate the water column with the following information about the animal.

  • Physical/life stage changes
  • favored habitat
  • prey
  • predators
  • means of capturing prey
  • means of finding safety

Answers: See page 3 of the Student Resource.

 

3. Brainstorm Family Gatherings
Briefly, brainstorm topics for family conversations with students. What do family members talk about when they get together at a party or over dinner or on the phone? Suggest that students think about complaints, requests for help, descriptions of "home, sweet home" and travel, funny or scary stories their family members might tell each other at a family reunion.

4. Record Ideas/Create Comic Strip, Short Story or Skit
Write students' ideas on the chalkboard or on a poster board where they can easily refer to it.

Now, challenge students to use their information, and the "laundry list" of family conversation topics, to write a comic strip, short story or skit about a halibut family reunion in Glacier Bay. Instruct students to:

  • Focus dialogue on family members "catching each other up" on their lives. But, it must remain true to the facts of the halibuts' life history.
  • Illustrate written material appropriately.
  • Dress in costumes if skits are performed to show what stages in the halibut life history they represent.

Answer: Answers will vary. However, student work should contain all the details from their research in Steps 1 and 2.

5. Group Time
If possible, give student groups time to share their Halibut Family Reunions in a class presentation or display.

6. Extension:
Challenge students to research animals in their own region that have an interesting and "changing" life history. Give them time to prepare and share a presentation on their findings.

 

go to ACTIVITY #2
Adaptation

Did You Know?

Black Bear

Researchers believe that black bears, searching for new and abundant food sources, returned to Glacier Bay via the Endicott Gap. Today, the presence of black bears in the reborn forests of the lower bay is evidence of a successful search.