• Mt Reynolds

    Glacier

    National Park Montana

Mammal Checklist

Mammals of Glacier National Park Field Checklist
Common and scientific names from R. S. Hoffman and D. L. Pattie, A Guide to Montana Mammals, 1968. Compiled by David S. Shea, November, 1971 and revised August, 1986, April, 1995, and March, 2004.
Checklist Key
E
Occurs east of the Continental Divide
Spruce-fir forest, aspen, bunchgrass meadows
W
Occurs west of the Continental Divide
Cedar - hemlock - yew - lodgepole - fir - western larch forest, some meadows
A
Occurs in alpine areas
Above upper edge of continuous forest, open areas, makes up about 1/3 of park along Continental Divide.
R
Occurs only rarely in the park.
H
Historically in park, but no longer present
Order Insectivora - Shrews

Pygmy shrew (Sorex hoyi)
Dry, open coniferous forests

clear.gif (49 bytes) W clear.gif (49 bytes) clear.gif (49 bytes)
Masked shrew (Sorex cinereus)
Coniferous forests, meadows, ponds and stream edges
E W
Vagrant shrew (Sorex vagrans)
Moist forests and grasslands, marsh and stream edges
E W A clear.gif (49 bytes)
Montane shrew (Sorex monticolus)
Higher elevation coniferous forests
E W
Northern water shrew (Sorex palustris)
Stream edges
E W clear.gif (49 bytes) clear.gif (49 bytes)
Order Chiroptera - Bats
Little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus)
Coniferous forests, often around buildings, caves, nocturnal
E W
Long-eared bat (Myotis evotis)
Coniferous forests, meadows, nocturnal
E W A R
Long-legged bat (Myotis volans)
Coniferous forests, meadows, nocturnal
E W A
Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)
Coniferous forests, often around buildings, caves, nocturnal
E W
Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)
Coniferous forests, meadows, nocturnal
E W
Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)
Coniferous forests, mostly nocturnal
E W R
Order Carnivora - Carnivores
Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
Open forests, brushy areas
E W R
Lynx (Lynx lynx)
Coniferous forests
E W
Mountain lion (Felis concolor)
Coniferous forests
E W
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Open forests, stream bottoms
E W R
Black bear (Ursus americanus)
Forests, slide areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos)
Forests, slide areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Grasslands, open forest
E W R
Swift Fox (Vulpes velox)
Eastside grasslands
E H
Coyote (Canis latrans)
Forests, grasslands
E W A
Wolf (Canis lupus)
Coniferous forests
E W
Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Open forests, grasslands
E W
Badger (Taxidea taxus)
Grasslands
E W
River otter (Lontra canadensis)
Rivers, lakes
E W
Wolverine (Gulo gulo)
Coniferous forests, alpine meadows
E W A
Least weasel (Mustela nivalis)
Open forests, grasslands
E W R
Short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea)
Coniferous forests, meadows
E W A
Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)
Open forests, meadows
E W A
Mink (Mustela vison)
Creek and lake edges
E W
Marten (Martes americana)
Coniferous forests
E W
Fisher (Martes pennanti)
Coniferous forests
E W R
Order Lagomorpha - Pikas, Rabbits, Hares
Pika (Ochotona princeps)
Rockslides
E W A
Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus)
Coniferous forests
E W
White-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii)
Grasslands
E R
Mountain cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii)
Forest, brushy areas
E R
Order Rodentia - Rodents
Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)
Coniferous forests
E W R
Beaver (Castor canadensis)
Streams, lakes
E W
Northern pocket gopher (Thomomys talpoides)
Meadows
E W A
Yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris)
Open rocky foothills, talus slopes
E R
Hoary marmot (Marmota caligata)
Rocky areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Least chipmunk (Eutamias minimus)
High open forests, brushy, rocky areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Yellow pine chipmunk (Eutamias amoenus)
Open forests, brushy, rocky areas
E W
Red-tailed chipmunk (Eutamias ruficaudus)
Open forest, brushy, rocky areas
E W
Golden-mantled ground squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis)
High open forests, rocky areas
E W A
Columbian ground squirrel (Spermophilus columbianus)
Open woodlands, grasslands, alpine meadows
E W A
Thirteen-lined ground squirrel
(Spermophilus tridecemlineatus)
Grasslands
E R
Richardson ground squirrel
(Spermophilus richardsoni)
Grasslands
E R
Northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus)
Coniferous forests, nocturnal
E W
Red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)
Coniferous forests
E W
Western jumping mouse (Zapus princeps)
Grasslands, alpine meadows
E W A
Bushy-tailed wood rat (Neotoma cinerea)
Rocky areas, old buildings
E W A
Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
Forests, grasslands, alpine meadows
E W A
Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
Streams, lakes, marshy areas
E W
Northern bog lemming (Synaptomys borealis)
Coniferous forests
W R
Red-backed vole (Clethrionomys gapperi)
Coniferous forests
E W
Montane heather vole (Phenacomys intermedius)
Coniferous forests, alpine meadows
E W A
Water vole (Arvicola richardsoni)
High elevation stream and lake edges
E W A
Long-tailed vole (Microtus longicaudus)
Coniferous forests, grasslands
E W
Meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Open forests, meadows, along streams, marshy areas. E W
Order Artiodactyla - Even-toed ungulates
Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Eastside prairies
E H
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Coniferous forests, meadows, creek and river bottoms
E W
Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Open forests, meadows, often at high elevations
E W A
American elk (Cervus elaphus)
Open forests, meadows
E W A
Moose (Alces alces)
Coniferous forests, lakes, slow streams, marshy areas
E W
Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis)
Open mountainous areas
E W A
Mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus)
High peaks and meadows
E W A
Bison (Bison bison)
Eastside parklands and prairies
E H

Did You Know?

Centennial logo

Did you know that over 35 Hollywood films were set in Glacier National Park? In honor of film being an American tradition, the Glacier Centennial Program hosted a film festival throughout 2010.