• Mt Reynolds

    Glacier

    National Park Montana

Mammal Checklist

Mammals of Glacier National Park Field Checklist
Common and scientific names from R. S. Hoffman and D. L. Pattie, A Guide to Montana Mammals, 1968. Compiled by David S. Shea, November, 1971 and revised August, 1986, April, 1995, and March, 2004.
Checklist Key
E
Occurs east of the Continental Divide
Spruce-fir forest, aspen, bunchgrass meadows
W
Occurs west of the Continental Divide
Cedar - hemlock - yew - lodgepole - fir - western larch forest, some meadows
A
Occurs in alpine areas
Above upper edge of continuous forest, open areas, makes up about 1/3 of park along Continental Divide.
R
Occurs only rarely in the park.
H
Historically in park, but no longer present
Order Insectivora - Shrews

Pygmy shrew (Sorex hoyi)
Dry, open coniferous forests

clear.gif (49 bytes) W clear.gif (49 bytes) clear.gif (49 bytes)
Masked shrew (Sorex cinereus)
Coniferous forests, meadows, ponds and stream edges
E W
Vagrant shrew (Sorex vagrans)
Moist forests and grasslands, marsh and stream edges
E W A clear.gif (49 bytes)
Montane shrew (Sorex monticolus)
Higher elevation coniferous forests
E W
Northern water shrew (Sorex palustris)
Stream edges
E W clear.gif (49 bytes) clear.gif (49 bytes)
Order Chiroptera - Bats
Little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus)
Coniferous forests, often around buildings, caves, nocturnal
E W
Long-eared bat (Myotis evotis)
Coniferous forests, meadows, nocturnal
E W A R
Long-legged bat (Myotis volans)
Coniferous forests, meadows, nocturnal
E W A
Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)
Coniferous forests, often around buildings, caves, nocturnal
E W
Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)
Coniferous forests, meadows, nocturnal
E W
Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)
Coniferous forests, mostly nocturnal
E W R
Order Carnivora - Carnivores
Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
Open forests, brushy areas
E W R
Lynx (Lynx lynx)
Coniferous forests
E W
Mountain lion (Felis concolor)
Coniferous forests
E W
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Open forests, stream bottoms
E W R
Black bear (Ursus americanus)
Forests, slide areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos)
Forests, slide areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Grasslands, open forest
E W R
Swift Fox (Vulpes velox)
Eastside grasslands
E H
Coyote (Canis latrans)
Forests, grasslands
E W A
Wolf (Canis lupus)
Coniferous forests
E W
Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Open forests, grasslands
E W
Badger (Taxidea taxus)
Grasslands
E W
River otter (Lontra canadensis)
Rivers, lakes
E W
Wolverine (Gulo gulo)
Coniferous forests, alpine meadows
E W A
Least weasel (Mustela nivalis)
Open forests, grasslands
E W R
Short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea)
Coniferous forests, meadows
E W A
Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)
Open forests, meadows
E W A
Mink (Mustela vison)
Creek and lake edges
E W
Marten (Martes americana)
Coniferous forests
E W
Fisher (Martes pennanti)
Coniferous forests
E W R
Order Lagomorpha - Pikas, Rabbits, Hares
Pika (Ochotona princeps)
Rockslides
E W A
Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus)
Coniferous forests
E W
White-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii)
Grasslands
E R
Mountain cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii)
Forest, brushy areas
E R
Order Rodentia - Rodents
Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)
Coniferous forests
E W R
Beaver (Castor canadensis)
Streams, lakes
E W
Northern pocket gopher (Thomomys talpoides)
Meadows
E W A
Yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris)
Open rocky foothills, talus slopes
E R
Hoary marmot (Marmota caligata)
Rocky areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Least chipmunk (Eutamias minimus)
High open forests, brushy, rocky areas, alpine meadows
E W A
Yellow pine chipmunk (Eutamias amoenus)
Open forests, brushy, rocky areas
E W
Red-tailed chipmunk (Eutamias ruficaudus)
Open forest, brushy, rocky areas
E W
Golden-mantled ground squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis)
High open forests, rocky areas
E W A
Columbian ground squirrel (Spermophilus columbianus)
Open woodlands, grasslands, alpine meadows
E W A
Thirteen-lined ground squirrel
(Spermophilus tridecemlineatus)
Grasslands
E R
Richardson ground squirrel
(Spermophilus richardsoni)
Grasslands
E R
Northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus)
Coniferous forests, nocturnal
E W
Red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)
Coniferous forests
E W
Western jumping mouse (Zapus princeps)
Grasslands, alpine meadows
E W A
Bushy-tailed wood rat (Neotoma cinerea)
Rocky areas, old buildings
E W A
Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
Forests, grasslands, alpine meadows
E W A
Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
Streams, lakes, marshy areas
E W
Northern bog lemming (Synaptomys borealis)
Coniferous forests
W R
Red-backed vole (Clethrionomys gapperi)
Coniferous forests
E W
Montane heather vole (Phenacomys intermedius)
Coniferous forests, alpine meadows
E W A
Water vole (Arvicola richardsoni)
High elevation stream and lake edges
E W A
Long-tailed vole (Microtus longicaudus)
Coniferous forests, grasslands
E W
Meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Open forests, meadows, along streams, marshy areas. E W
Order Artiodactyla - Even-toed ungulates
Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Eastside prairies
E H
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Coniferous forests, meadows, creek and river bottoms
E W
Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Open forests, meadows, often at high elevations
E W A
American elk (Cervus elaphus)
Open forests, meadows
E W A
Moose (Alces alces)
Coniferous forests, lakes, slow streams, marshy areas
E W
Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis)
Open mountainous areas
E W A
Mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus)
High peaks and meadows
E W A
Bison (Bison bison)
Eastside parklands and prairies
E H

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