Rivers and Streams
NPS Photo by Barry Nielsen
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument lies at the confluence of the West and Middle Forks of the Gila River. At this point the rivers are usually less than fifty feet wide and about a foot deep. Hikers should be aware that during the rainy season of July-September, runoff from rains in distant canyons may create flash floods.
Gila River flow data maintained by US Geological Suvey
Did You Know?
The Gila Cliff Dwellings were built in the 13th century by the ancient Puebloans of the Mogollon area. They formed the walls using chunks of Gila Conglomerate found within the caves. Mortar was required to keep the walls together. In some places you can still see the handprints of the builders.