• Visitors hike along the base of the Gila Cliff Dwellings.

    Gila Cliff Dwellings

    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Thunderstorm Safety Closures Possible

    When thunderstorms are nearby, the trail to and from the Gila Cliff Dwellings is closed. Please check local forecasts before you visit. Thunderstorms are typically more likely in the afternoon. On some afternoons it is not possible to reopen. More »

  • Tour of the Gila may Impact Area Traffic

    If you are planning a visit between April 30 and May 4, be aware that area traffic may be impacted by the annual Tour of the Gila bicycle road race. For more information about the race, please visit tourofthegila.com. More »

  • Fire Restrictions on Gila National Forest

    Gila National Forest will implement smoking and fire restrictions beginning April 22. Smoking and fires are never permitted on Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument property. More »

Insects, Spiders, Centipedes, Millipedes

A photo of a small spider hanging in mid-air near trail from the Cliff Dwellings

Small spider appears to hang in mid-air near trail from the Cliff Dwellings.

NPS Photo by Barry Nielsen

The insect world in the vicinity of the Gila Cliff Dwellings and the surrounding Gila Wilderness is rich and abundant. In fact, existing field guides are often inadequate to describe the all the species in the area. Insects include a variety of bees, wasps, hornets, beetles, ants, dragonflies, damselflies, cicadas, grasshoppers, crickets, butterflies, moths, mantids, worms, cochineal scales, katydids, lacewings, and flies.

One of the interesting creatures in the forest is the Giant Vinegerone. Visitors often mistake it for a giant scorpion. It is a whip scorpion, not a true scorpion. It has scorpion-like pincers in the front but a non-scorpion whiptail in the back, with no stinger. Common in this area, this creature hides in dark corners and in rarely seen. When approached too closely, it reacts by blasting a stream of vinegar-like acetic acid at the interloper, preferably at the interloper’s eyes, where the liquid produces a burning sensation. The creature's name, appropriately enough, is the Giant Vinegarone.

Did You Know?

Yucca fiber sandals

The ancient Puebloans of the Mogollon area used native plants for food, medicines, clothing and tools. The yucca plant was very useful. Yucca fibers were made into twine, nets, baskets, even paint brushes. These sandals, made from yucca, are in the Visitor Center Museum at the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument.