• Visitors hike along the base of the Gila Cliff Dwellings.

    Gila Cliff Dwellings

    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Thunderstorm Safety Closures Possible

    When thunderstorms are nearby, the trail to and from the Gila Cliff Dwellings is closed. Please check local forecasts before you visit. Thunderstorms are typically more likely in the afternoon. On some afternoons it is not possible to reopen. More »

  • Tour of the Gila may Impact Area Traffic

    If you are planning a visit between April 30 and May 4, be aware that area traffic may be impacted by the annual Tour of the Gila bicycle road race. For more information about the race, please visit tourofthegila.com. More »

  • Fire Restrictions on Gila National Forest

    Gila National Forest will implement smoking and fire restrictions beginning April 22. Smoking and fires are never permitted on Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument property. More »

Forests

A photo of fall foliage from cave #5

A fall view from the Cave 5.

NPS Photo by Barry Nielsen

Generally, in the Gila National Forest, ponderosa pine is the dominant species at elevations between 6,000 and 7,000 feet. Somewhat higher, and in many canyons, is a mixed conifer forest typically dominated by Douglas-fir, often with Gambel's oak. Woodlands of pinon pine, juniper, and oak in varying combinations, are present on drier sites throughout the forest. Riparian areas support rich deciduous or coniferous woodland and, locally, small areas of marsh or other open habitats.

Did You Know?

Signature of Don Juan Ignacio Flores Mogollón

The ancient Puebloans of the area are often referred to as the "Mogollon people" by archeologists. This name was applied because of the nearby Mogollon Mountains. These mountains, in turn, were named for Don Juan Ignacio Flores Mogollón, the Spanish Governor, from 1712 to 1715, of what is now New Mexico.