Lesson Plan for High School Students Created by 2011 Teacher-Ranger-Teacher Arren Swift
Activities for Younger Students
Education Groups May Qualify for a Fee Waiver
A field trip to Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument and first-hand explorations of its resources gives students a wonderful opportunity to form their own intellectual and emotional connections to our shared cultural heritage.
Did You Know?
Stone axes made it challenging for the ancient Puebloans of the Mogollon area to cut down trees for vigas (roof beams) in the Gila Cliff Dwellings. So, before chopping the tree trunks, they would burn a small fire around the base of the trunk to weaken it so their axes could cut it down more easily.