(C. Davis, National Park Service)
Most non-native species of the park are in the form of plants in which 143 of the 553 plant species are non-native. Non-native invasive plant species can be threats to natural ecosystems and native flora of the park. These species often grow quickly and crowd out native plant species while providing limited habitat worth to park wildlife.
The Gettysburg NMP Natural Resources staff works to control non-native invasive vegetation to restore native vegetative communities. Plants species that provide the biggest challenge to park staff are multiflora rose, Japanese barberry, Ailanthus, and Mile-a-minute weed. With the help from the Mid-Atlantic Plant Management Team, based out of
There are also several non-native insects in the park that put stresses on the park’s native vegetation. An insect of concern is the Hemlock wooly adelgids, Adelges tsugae, a pest species that negatively impacts the growth of the Eastern Hemlock. “Hemlock wooly adelgids (HWA) is the single greatest threat to Hemlock health and sustainability…” USDA. HWA is believed to be an introduced species from