Girl watching artillery demonstration
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Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, Georgia

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A cluster of farm buildingsOxon Cove Farm (NPS photo)

Plantation home surrounded by fall colorsMount Welby, an early 19th-century plantation home on the property (NPS photo)

Young boy and park ranger milking a cowHands-on agricultural demonstrations such as milking cows are popular activities for visitors of all ages. (NPS photo)

Cow and calf emerging from red barnHomepage photo: Oxon Cove Farm is home to dairy cows, chickens, and more. (NPS photo)

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Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
Maryland

Oxon Cove Park/Oxon Hill Farm is a peaceful 500-acre oasis within sight of our nation’s capital. Located on the banks of the Potomac River in Oxon Hill, Maryland, the park offers opportunities for fishing and bird-watching, as well as miles of trails for hiking and biking. Put on your walking shoes and come out for a visit! You may spot a great blue heron or bald eagle at the cove, or a white-tailed deer or red fox in the woods. It’s hard to believe this sanctuary of green is just inside the Capital Beltway, easily accessible by car or Metrobus, and just a short walk to the town of Forest Heights or Southwest Washington, DC.

Oxon Cove Park is also just a mile from the rapidly growing National Harbor development. Travelers to the hotels, restaurants, and shops at the harbor can head over to Oxon Cove Park if they need a break from the glitz and the glam. At the park, they can sit on a porch rocker and enjoy the quiet surroundings, or add to their passport stamp collection.

History buffs also love Oxon Cove Park. An early 19th-century plantation home on the property, “Mount Welby,” is open for tours. Visitors learn how the mistress of the house, Mary DeButts, witnessed the burning of Washington. In fact, during winter months, you can still see all the way to the Washington Monument from the front porch of the house. Another story from the same era, equally important, is that of the enslaved individuals of Mount Welby. Inside the house, visitors learn about cultural contributions of enslaved African Americans and about the individuals from the plantation who escaped on the Network to Freedom. Another period of significance for the property is the Godding Croft era. From the 1890s until the 1960s, St. Elizabeth’s Hospital operated a therapeutic farm here for people with mental illness. To this day, many pieces of farm equipment from this bygone period remain on display at the park.

History and Mother Nature truly abound at Oxon Cove Park, but the vast majority of visitors come for the hands-on agricultural programs. Oxon Hill Farm is a favorite destination for local school groups as well as an easy, inexpensive outing for frequent family visitors. The park was originally established in 1967 to preserve and interpret American farm culture. Over the years, the daily programs have changed, but visitors to the farm still enjoy milking a cow, taking a wagon ride, and feeding the chickens. Parents of the tiniest visitors often gather in the children’s area of the visitor center/bookstore to reminisce and share their own childhood Oxon Hill Farm stories.

Escape from the hustle-bustle of Washington, DC’s infamous traffic and hectic fast-paced life. Come on out to Oxon Cove Park and enjoy nature, recreation, history, and farm programs. Or just come out for an hour or so of peace and quiet. You’ll be glad you did!

By Stephanie Marrone, Park Guide, Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm