Before and During World War I
Fort Hancock was first garrisoned on March 14, 1898. Sandy Hook had a continual Army population from the activation of the Sandy Hook Proving Ground in 1874 to Fort Hancock's closing in 1974.
The U.S. Life-Saving Service had two stations on the peninsula: the Sandy Hook Station, now the U.S. Coast Guard area; and the Spermaceti Cove Station, which is currently the Sandy Hook Visitor Center. There were also Lighthouse Service and U.S. Weather Bureau employees.
In addition to these federal employees, there were also Western Union and Postal Telegraph Company towers that had employed six men and housed their families.
Did You Know?
Before they built the first airplane, the Wright Brothers were bicycle manufacturers. Today, the historic runways of Gateway's Floyd Bennett Field are used by cyclists throughout the year. More...