Before and During World War I
Fort Hancock was first garrisoned on March 14, 1898. Sandy Hook had a continual Army population from the activation of the Sandy Hook Proving Ground in 1874 to Fort Hancock's closing in 1974.
The U.S. Life-Saving Service had two stations on the peninsula: the Sandy Hook Station, now the U.S. Coast Guard area; and the Spermaceti Cove Station, which is currently the Sandy Hook Visitor Center. There were also Lighthouse Service and U.S. Weather Bureau employees.
In addition to these federal employees, there were also Western Union and Postal Telegraph Company towers that had employed six men and housed their families.
Did You Know?
Fort Wadsworth, located on Staten Island at the Narrows (next to the Verrazano Bridge), is one of the oldest military sites in the nation. This site has controlled the entrance to New York Harbor since the Washington administration.