• Get away to Gateway, where you can camp and stay healthy with heart-smart activities. Photo by Sebastiano Privitera; used by permission.

    Gateway

    National Recreation Area NY,NJ

Fort Hancock's Endicott Era Defenses

Battery Granger's gun crew.

Gun crew leading Battery Granger.

NPS/Gateway NRA Museum Collection

Fort Hancock’s Endicott Era gun batteries and defenses included:

Dynamite Gun Battery: three 15-inch and one 8-inch dynamite guns.

Battery Potter: two 12-inch disappearing guns. This along with the mortar battery were the first prototype concrete gun batteries of the Endicott system.

Battery Granger: two 10-inch counterweight disappearing guns.

Nine-Gun Battery consists of:

Battery Alexander: two 12-inch counterweight disappearing guns.

Battery Richardson: two 12-inch counterweight disappearing guns.

Battery Bloomfield: two 12-inch counterweight disappearing guns.

Battery Halleck: three 10-inch counterweight disappearing guns.

The Mortar Battery, along with Battery Potter were the prototype for future gun batteries of the Endicott system. It consisted of:

Battery McCook: eight 12-inch mortars.

Battery Reynolds: eight 12-inch mortars.

Rapid fire guns like those listed below protected the underwater mine field from smaller, swifter moving vessels:

Battery Engle: one 5-inch gun on a pedestal mount.

Battery Morris: four 3-inch guns on a pedestal mount.

Battery Urmston: four 15-pounders and two 3-inch guns on a pedestal mount.

Battery Peck: two 6-inch guns on a pedestal mount.

Battery Gunnison: two 6-inch counterweight disappearing guns.

Harbor defenses included a hidden, unseen weapon: An underwater controlled minefield system that utilized a mine casemate on Sandy Hook from where underwater mines could be denotated via electrical cables to destroy warships.

To learn more about Endicott Era Defenses, click here.

 
Colorized image of a Fort Hancock Coast Artillery soldier from 1900.
Fort Hancock soldier, c. 1900. This is the typical enlisted man's uniform of the Endicott era.  Uniform color added to image for effect.
NPS/Gateway NRA Museum Collection.  Color added by Janet Kurka.

Did You Know?

World War I recruiting poster for the Coastal Artillery Corps.

All of Gateway NRA's units include sites that defended New York Harbor from attacks from the sea, from the Revolutionary War through World War II. They are Fort Hancock, Fort Tilden, and Fort Wadsworth. Learn about the history of coastal defense by visiting any of these sites. More...