• Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

Virtual Tour Stop, Upton's Road

Emory Upton
Emory Upton was a young New York officer who combined an aggressive nature with a mind for unconventional ideas. He was certain that if an attack was to be successful, it needed to hit a weak spot in the enemy defenses very hard and very fast. On May 10, Ulysses S. Grant gave Upton the opportunity to test his convictions.
 
Upton's Road
On May 10, Union forces found a weakness in the Confederate defenses. Colonel Emory Upton was ordered to attack with 5,000 men a slight bulge in the Confederate lines known as Doles's Salient. Upton's men approached the Confederates on a narrow road through the woods, a typical feature in the area that linked one farm with another.
 
Upton's Charge Monument
Upton lined up his 5,000 men in a compact, powerful formation designed to punch through the Confederate line--three regiments across and four regiments deep. They were only 200 yards from General George Doles' Georgians. The Georgian defenders could not see Upton's men in the woods on the back side of a slight ridge. At 6:00 p.m., Upton's men hustled through the woods and charged across this field covering the 200 yards in one minute.
 
Upton's Charge Monument
In May of 1994, the 130th anniversary of the battle, descendants of the soldiers who made Upton's attack erected this monument. On one side it depicts the Union formation. On the other side, shown here, it depicts the Confederate alignment - the four brigades in their correct formation.
 
Cannon in Doles' Salient
Upton's men broke through Doles' line and silenced Smith's Battery, represented today by these two cannon.
 
Cannon in Doles' Salient
Upton received no support on his flanks allowing the Confederates to counterattack against his flanks. The Southerners also counterattacked his front forcing Upton to withdraw. Although Upton's charge failed, it proved Upton's theory would work if properly supported. The Union would try his theory again setting the stage for the battle's climax on May 12.
 
Bloody Angle Parking Lot

Bloody Angle parking lot, tour stop #3 on driving tour of battlefield

Continue to Virtual Tour Stop, Bloody Angle

Did You Know?

Hazel Grove at Chancellorsville Battlefield

Hazel Grove was a plateau of high ground that General Hooker gave up on the early morning of May 3, 1863. Realizing that this ground was the key to winning the battle, the Confederates quickly seized it and concentrated artillery which had an advanteous position to the Union artillery at Fairview.