• Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

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  • Exhibit renovations at Chancellorsville Battlefield Visitor Center

    Exhibits and the film are currently unavailable at the Chancellorsville Battlefield Visitor Center while we prepare the building for new exhibits. The information desk, bookstore, and restrooms are available.

  • Exhibit renovations at Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center

    Exhibits are currently unavailable at the Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center, as we remove old exhibits and prepare the building for new exhibits in June 2014. The information desk, bookstore, and restrooms are available.

Virtual Tour, Salem Church

Civil War Veterans standing next to Salem Church
Salem Church was a Baptist church built in 1844. It was a brick construction 2 1/2 stories tall. It was located on a low ridge on the Orange Turnpike about 4 miles west of Fredericksburg.
 
Salem Church
Salem Church was used to house civilian refugees during the Fredericksburg Campaign. During the Chancellorsville Campaign major fighting swirled around the church on May 3, 1863. Wilcox's Alabama Brigade straddled the road at the church blocking the advance of General John Sedgwick's Union Sixth Corps. Other Confederate units soon arrived from Chancellorsville to lengthen both ends of the Southern line.
 
Salem Church
The fighting raged around the church for several hours on the evening of May 3 until darkness put an end to the fight. The Union advance was stopped. Additional Confederate units arrived from Chancellorsville on May 4 to surround Sedgwick's men on three sides. The fighting was east and northeast of the church.
 
Painting depicting Salem Church as a hospital.
In the aftermath of the fighting, Salem Church became a hospital treating men of both sides. Among the Confederate surgeons was the brother-in-law of President Abraham Lincoln.
 
Monuments near Salem Church
The park preserves the church, an acre of ground around the church and several monuments including the 23rd New Jersey Monument shown here in the background
 
23rd New Jersey Monument
Much of the Salem Church section of the battlefield has been lost to development.
 
Interior of Salem Church

Interior of Salem Church

Members of the New Salem Church congregation serve as volunteers in manning the old church on weekend afternoons during the summer months. At that time, visitors can go inside the church.

The park has produced two brochures to help understand the fighting around Salem Church. One covers the immediate area around the church and the other is a driving tour for the 2nd Fredericksburg/Salem Church portion of the Chancellorsville Battlefield.

 

Did You Know?

Todd's Tavern

The Battle of Todd's Tavern was not the largest cavalry battle of the war, but may have been the most important. Confederate horsemen delayed the advance of the Union just long enough so that the Confederate army could win the race to Spotsylvania which extended the war for eleven months.