• Fredericksburg Battlefield: Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House sunrise

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

There are park alerts in effect.
hide Alerts »
  • Chatham Exit Road Closed 9/2-9/5

    The Chatham exit road will be closed from September 2-5, 2014 as part of the project to restore the historic viewshed from Chatham Manor. The road will be closed at all times. Please use the Chatham entrance road as a two-way road. More »

Virtual Tour Stop, Laurel Hill

Brock Road
Unknown to the other, both armies were moving to the intersection at Spotsylvania Court House. The important cavalry fight on May 7 at Todd's Tavern (see that virtual tour stop on the Wilderness tour) slowed the Union advance on the Brock Road. Early on the morning of May 8, the race to Spotsylvania continued. The Confederate infantry arrived at this spot at almost the last moment to block the Union advance.
 
Laurel Hill
Fighting erupted on what later became known as Laurel Hill. Although from certain vantage points the topography looks like a hill, it is actually undulating terrain without any dominant high ground.
 
Laurel Hill
This photo more accurately shows the slight rise in terrain of Laurel Hill. The name is actually a misnomer. Some of the Union soldiers wounded in this field were taken behind the lines to a house called Laurel Hill. A correspondent confused the name of the house with this field and the name stuck.  The true name of this portion of the battlefield was the Spindle farm.
 
Artist depiction of fighting at Laurel Hill
This painting by Conrad Freitag depicts the burning of the Spindle farm house (slightly visible through the trees to the left with the smoke rising above). The troops shown here are the 84th New York Volunteers. The house was not rebuilt, but its location was found by archaeologists in the 1990's.
 
Union artillery position at Laurel Hill
Although overshadowed by the intense action at Bloody Angle on May 12, the fighting at Laurel Hill on May 8 was of extreme importance. After the Confederates' timely arrival in this field, the Union army made a series of uncoordinated assaults which failed to open the way to the crossroads at Spotsylvania. Both sides then began entrenching. This image shows Union artillery at Laurel Hill. Much of the trench works and artillery positions survive and are accessible to park visitors.
 
Maryland Monument
This monument to the Maryland Brigade can be found along the trail that passes through the Laurel Hill area.  The Maryland Brigade got further than any unit in the Union attacks at Laurel Hill. Colonel Charles Phelps placed this marker in 1903 to indicate where he fell wounded at the furthest point of the advance. Slight earthworks can be seen about fifteen yards behind the monument.
 
Sketch depicting death of General Sedgwick
After the Union failure at Laurel Hill on May 8, fighting resumed the next day. While examining an artillery position, General John Sedgwick was shot by a sharpshooter at a range of over 500 yards.
 
General John Sedgwick
General John Sedgwick was the popular commander of the Union Sixth Corps. He was the highest ranking United States officer killed in the war and the second highest ranking United States officer ever killed in combat.
 
Sketch showing spot where Sedgwick was killed
This sketch shows the spot where Sedgwick was shot.
 
Sedgwick Monument
In May of 1887, veterans of Segdwick's Corps erected a monument to John Sedgwick on the spot where Sedgwick was killed.
 
Sign for Spotsylvania Exhibit Shelter

Spotsylvania Exhibit Shelter Parking Area, Tour Stop #1 on battlefield driving tour.

Proceed to Virtual Tour Stop, Spotsylvania Exhibit Shelter

Did You Know?

Chatham Manor Gardens

William Fitzhugh was the grandson of Robert "King" Carter and the grandfather of Mrs. Robert E. Lee. His wife was the second cousin of Thomas Jefferson.