• Fredericksburg Battlefield: Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House sunrise

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

Virtual Tour Stop, Fairview

Cannon at Fairview
Fairview is the name of the house which was the original home in Spotsylvania County of the Chancellor family. On May 2, Union artillery at Fairview faced west, parallel to the Orange Turnpike. At the daybreak on May 3, Union troops withdrew from Hazel Grove to Fairview. The Confederates massed cannon on Hazel Grove to the southwest of Fairview forcing the Union artillerymen to reorient their cannon in that direction. Most of the Union gun emplacements facing west on May 2 and facing southwest on May 3 have been preserved.
 
Cannon at Fairview
For about five hours on the morning of May 3 1863, Union cannon dueled with Confederate artillery at Hazel Grove. Meanwhile, the infantry fighting swayed back and forth in the bloodiest fight of the campaign. Finally, around mid-morning, Union forces withdrew from Fairview to Chancellorsville.
 
Chancellor Family Cemetery
A short distance east of Fairview was the Chancellor family cemetery. A wooden fence surrounded the cemetery which in 1860 contained six graves. Union soldiers were buried in the cemetery after the battle. After the war, the soldiers were removed to the Fredericksburg National Cemetery. A brick wall replaced the wooden fence in 1876. Today there are 25 postwar headboards and one pre-war footstone.
 

Did You Know?

Confederate artillerists on Marye's Heights at Fredericksburg

Ambrose Burnside turned down the offer to command the Army of the Potomac on two occasions. Finally, he accepted the offer only to keep Joseph Hooker from taking the position.