• Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

Virtual Tour Stop, Chewning Farm

Chewning Farm
On the high plateau in the background of this photo lay the Chewning Farm, another small farm dotting the Wilderness landscape. The farm stood on key ground between General Richard Ewell's Confederates on the Orange Turnpike and General A.P. Hill's Southerners on the Orange Plank Road.
 
Chewning Trail Sign
A dirt lane leads from the parking area to the site of the Chewning House and plateau.
 
Parker Store Road through the Chewning Farm
On the morning of May 5, General Samuel Crawford's Union division followed the Parker's Store Road southwesterly onto the Chewning Plateau. They looked down upon General A.P. Hill's Corps advancing eastward on the Orange Plank Road. Instead of slamming into Hill's column or fortifying this key ground, Crawford's men were recalled to support the attacks on the Orange Turnpike.
 
Interpretive signs on the Chewning Farm
Confederates of A.P. Hill's Corps later occupied the Chewning Plateau, but were soon directed to reinforce Hill's men on the Orange Plank Road. On May 6, General Ambrose Burnside's Corps was ordered to retake this key ground, but were unable to do so.
 

Did You Know?

Confederate artillerists on Marye's Heights

Marye's Heights is what Civil War soldiers called the high ground immediately west of Fredericksburg. It would be more accurate to call it Willis Heights. The heights consisted of two hills where the Willis and Marye families lived prior to the war. Willis Hill is the larger of the two hills.