• Fredericksburg Battlefield: Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House sunrise

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

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  • Chatham Exit Road Closed 9/2-9/30

    The Chatham exit road will be closed to all traffic (pedestrians and vehicles) at all hours from September 2-30, 2014 as part of the project to restore the historic vista at Chatham Manor. More »

Hydrologic Activity

Numerous streams and swamps on gently rolling wooded plateaus dissect Chancellorsville, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Courthouse Battlefields. Chancellorsville Battlefield lies on the divide separating the watershed of the Rappahannock River from the Po and the Ni rivers, and Spotsylvania Courthouse Battlefield lies between the drainage areas of the Po and the Ni rivers. The site of the Wilderness Battlefield is in the Wilderness Run drainage, which flows north into the Rapidan River. Streams in the park generally have good sustained flows. The availability of groundwater varies with the underlying rock formations, but in most areas of the two counties, an adequate supply of water may be obtained from springs and wells. Water quality depends on the chemical content of both underground and surface waters, the tidal influence of larger surface streams, and the degree of contamination from residential and industrial development.

Did You Know?

Site of Jackson's Wounding

In 1888 members of Stonewall Jackson's staff placed a monument to him near where he was wounded. They chose a location along the main road, today called Route 3. The actual spot of Jackson's wounding was on the Mountain Road, about 50 yards NE of the monument.