• Fredericksburg Battlefield: Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House sunrise

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

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  • Chatham Exit Road Closed 9/2-9/5

    The Chatham exit road will be closed from September 2-5, 2014 as part of the project to restore the historic viewshed from Chatham Manor. The road will be closed at all times. Please use the Chatham entrance road as a two-way road. More »

Environmental Factors

Although Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park appears unchanging, it is in a constantly shifting, dynamic state. Weather and climate change, geologic processes, fire, and human-caused factors such as farming and air and water pollution are only a few of the agents of change that have helped to carve the face of the park that we know today.

Park staff carefully monitor changes in environmental factors, and can often alert managers to threats to the resources in time to preserve those resources.

Did You Know?

Confederate artillerists on Marye's Heights

Marye's Heights is what Civil War soldiers called the high ground immediately west of Fredericksburg. It would be more accurate to call it Willis Heights. The heights consisted of two hills where the Willis and Marye families lived prior to the war. Willis Hill is the larger of the two hills.