• Fredericksburg Battlefield: Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House sunrise

    Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania

    National Military Park Virginia

Environmental Factors

Although Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park appears unchanging, it is in a constantly shifting, dynamic state. Weather and climate change, geologic processes, fire, and human-caused factors such as farming and air and water pollution are only a few of the agents of change that have helped to carve the face of the park that we know today.

Park staff carefully monitor changes in environmental factors, and can often alert managers to threats to the resources in time to preserve those resources.

Did You Know?

Todd's Tavern

The Battle of Todd's Tavern was not the largest cavalry battle of the war, but may have been the most important. Confederate horsemen delayed the advance of the Union just long enough so that the Confederate army could win the race to Spotsylvania which extended the war for eleven months.