Nature & Science
"February 6, Point Vancouver. The Land adjoining the river is low and must be overflown at high water; it is a meadow extending about 3 miles in length and at the widest part about 3/4 mile in breadth to the foot of a beautiful range of high Prairie ground rising about 30 feet. On the top of this Hill is a most delightful situation for a Fort on a Prairie of about 2 Miles long, and 2 miles broad, good Soil and excellent Pine in abundance in the rear . . . Bich (black-tail deer) are apparently very numerous here and Chevreuil(white-tail deer) also. . . . The fire seems to have passed through the lower Prairie last Fall, and the green grass is already sprouted up about four inches in height."
The natural world surrounding what is now Fort Vancouver National Historic Site has long been influenced by human presence.
Known as Alaek-ae ("turtle place"), local Chinook, Klikitat, and other indigenous peoples used prescribed burning in the area where the park now sits to create a prairie to attract deer and elk, enable acorn production, and encourage the growth of root crops such as wapato and camas.
This open prairie was very attractive to subsequent European and American visitors such as Alexander Henry, as it provided a site for settlement and cleared land for agriculture.
To the Hudson's Bay Company, the site's natural resources - including navigable river access; abundant lumber, fish, game and fresh water; and expansive acreage for agriculture - made it an ideal location for a commercial center.
Did You Know?
Did you know that John McLoughlin, Chief Factor at Fort Vancouver, is known as the “Father of Oregon” for his aid to American immigrants arriving over the Oregon Trail? His home in Oregon City, Oregon is a unit of the national park system administered by Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. More...