Bridge Repair Work
Beginning September 15, the main bridge into the fort will be closed for repairs. Visitors will be able to access the fort through the sally port entrance. An accessible ramp will be available upon request. Visit the Willett Center for assistance on-site.
Welcome to 1935, A Year that Created a National Monument
Courtesy New York State Archives
Written by Park Ranger Mike Kusch
Does this sound familiar? However, there is a catch! This does not describe today, but 1935 when Fort Stanwix National Monument was established. When planning began for celebrating the 75th birthday of national monument, the group listened to what events were occurring during that year, and could not help but to draw parallels to today. Of course, when generalizations are used, the years sound familiar. However, if we listen to people who lived through the Great Depression, we would learn that today’s events are very different from 1935.
So what was happening in 1935?
As stated, the United States was in the grips of the Great Depression. The stock market had crashed in 1929, and the nation and its economy were still recovering; a process that would not end until 1941. Unemployment at its height was approximately 25%. To put more Americans to work, the federal government created the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in May 1935 to join the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Considered part of the "Second New Deal," the WPA would become the largest new deal agency. Later in August 1935, two weeks before the national monument was established, the federal government also created the Social Security Administration to aid future retirees and the disabled.
To make things worse, the Midwest was plagued with draught, dust storms and a record setting heat wave. Not to mention the Labor Day category 5 hurricane that hit Florida.
Throughout the 1930s the international community was marching toward World War II. In prelude to the Second Sino-Japanese War, China surrendered Korea, Manchuria and northeastern China to the Japanese. This led to Mao Zedong issuing a manifesto calling for a united Chinese front against Japanese imperialism. Italy’s colonies Tripoli and Cyrenaica were combined in 1935 to create Libya. And toward the end of the year, Italy invaded Ethiopia in a war largely about oil.
Germany was also rallying her people and building her military. Adolf Hitler announced that Germany would rearm in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles. Then Britain agreed to permit Germany to build a navy equal to 35% of her own naval tonnage. This was followed by the Nuremburg Laws, Germans in Saarland voting to join Germany, and Heinrich Himmler starting the Lebensborn Project. Today we can say we see where this was going.
Oh, and Persia renamed itself Iran.
The world lost five important people who all passed away unexpectedly. T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) died in a motorcycle accident, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post died in a plane crash in Alaska, dancer Carlos Gardel died in a plane crash in Columbia, and U.S. Senator Huey Long was assassinated.
Did You Know?
Fort Stanwix has two names. Named for Gen. John Stanwix, this was the fort's name under the British. When rebuilt by the Americans, it was then named for Gen. Phillip Schuyler. However, there were several other Fort Schuylers in New York at that time, so the name never stuck due to the confusion.