• large wooden spikes jut out from a large wooden angular wall lit by sunlight. verdant grass surrounds it.

    Fort Stanwix

    National Monument New York

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  • Honor America Days

    Due to the Honor America Days Opening Day Parade on Saturday, July 26th, Fort Stanwix National Monument's regular programs will begin at 1 pm. We hope to see you then!

Treaties of the Fort

The history of Fort Stanwix, from first contact through the end of the fort's useful military life, symbolizes the broader contest of nations (European, United States and American Indian) for economic and political control of the Oneida Carrying Place, the Mohawk Valley, the homelands of the Six Nation Confederacy, and the rich resources of North America. The following web pages focus on treaties and land transactions negotiated and concluded at Fort Stanwix. Beginning with the earliest contacts at the Great Carry, continuing through the influential years of Sir William Johnson, and culminating in the Treaties of 1790 negotiated at Fort Stanwix, a controversial pattern of European/American-Indian relations evolved and was applied on a national level. Seven treaties were negotiated and concluded at Fort Stanwix. These include the 1768 Boundary Line Treaty, the 1784 Treaty of Fort Stanwix and the Pennsylvania-Six Nations Land Transaction, and four Treaties negotiated by the State of New York with the Oneida (1788), Onondaga (1788 and 1790) and Cayuga (1790) Nations. When these treaties are placed within context of the series of events from 1763 to 1795, the westward expansionist philosophy and the beginnings of the policy of American Indian removals from east of the Mississippi can be found. That philosophy and policy would have profound effects on the United States and American Indian history; effects that can still be felt today.

 
on an old map, American Indian names mark rivers and mountain territory areas
Territory of American Indians circa. 1600
Courtesy of Carl Waldman's, "Atlas of the North American Indian" (Page 32)
 

Did You Know?

2 men in fine trimmed coats walk through a gate saluting with swords

At the time of the American Revolution, boys as young as 14 could become an officer in the British Army, and command men 2 to 3 times their age.