• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Road Construction I-540

    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

Trees and Shrubs

On Belle Point trees are numerous, both replants and older, and give the appearance of an open parkland. A narrow strip of forested land which has reverted to a "quasi-natural" condition borders the Arkansas River below Belle Point. Overstory trees include cottonwood, sugarberry, and black locust. Prominent understory trees are represented by black locust, red mulberry, sycamore, redbud, black willow, and black cherry. A few cottonwood trees are truly massive in size, their trunks being several feet in diameter. It is possible that some of the cottonwood trees may actually date to the historic period at Fort Smith.
 

Extant Vegetation at the Fort Smith National Historic Site

Belle Point

Species Classification

Common Name

Acer Rubrum Red Maple
Acer Saccharinum Silver Maple
Broussonetia Papyrifera Paper Mulberry
Carya Illinoensis Pecan
Celtis Laevigata Sugarberry
Cercis Canadensis Redbud
Diospyros Virginiana Persimmon
Fraxinus Americana White Ash
Junglans Nigra Black Walnut
Juniperus Virginiana Eastern Red Cedar
Liquidambar Stryaciflua Sweet Gum
Maclura Pomifera Osage Orange
Morus Rubra Red Mulberry
Pinus Taeda Loblolly Pine
Plantanus Occidentalis American Sycamore
Populus Deltoides Eastern Cottonwood
Prunus Serontina Black Cherry
Quercus Nigra Water Oak
Quercus Palustris Pin Oak
Quercus Phellos Willow Oak
Rhus Copallina Sumach
Robinia Pseudoacacia Black Locust
Salix Nigra Black Willow
Ulmus Alata Winged Elm
Ulmus Americana American Elm
 

Extant Vegetation at the Fort Smith National Historic Site

Second Fort

Species Classification

Common Name
Acer Rubrum Red Maple
Carya Illinoensis Pecan
Catalpa Speciosa Catalpa
Celtis Laevigata Sugarberry
Cercis Canadensis Redbud
Cornus Florida Dogwood
Diospyros Virginiana Persimmon
Liquidambar Stryaciflua Sweet Gum
Quercus Palustris Pin Oak
Ulmus Americana American Elm

Did You Know?

Lady Bird Johnson speaking at Fort Smith NHS dedication

Lady Bird Johnson came to Fort Smith National Historic Site to dedicate the park on October 27, 1964.