On April 3, 1874, three Indian men were executed for three separate crimes. John Billy, a Choctaw Indian was convicted of the murder of deputy marshal Perry Duval on November 2, 1873. Isaac Filmore, a full-blood Choctaw approximately seventeen years old was found guilty of killing a traveler from California for his shoes and $1.50. John Pointer, a Seminole Indian, had murdered a white man in the Chickasaw Nation. This was the third of four executions that occurred before Isaac Parker was appointed District Judge in Fort Smith.