• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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  • Road Construction I-540

    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

People

Civil War Soldier and Sailor Database

The Civil War and Sailors System is a computerized database containing very basic facts about servicemen who served on both sides during the Civil War. The initial focus of the CWSS is the Names Index Project, a project to enter names and other basic information from 6.3 million soldier records in the National Archives. The facts about the soldiers were entered from records that are indexed to many millions of other documents about Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration.

 
jailers and guards on courthouse steps wearing uniforms

Federal jailers on courthouse steps

Collection of Fort Smith NHS

For 50 years, soldiers from the U.S. Army made their home at Fort Smith. After the fort was closed, federal employees began working in the former military barracks. Judge Parker held court there from 1875-1889 and those awaiting their trial were housed in the jail buildings.
 
photograph of George Winston as older man.  He served the court as baliff for many years.

George Winston
Court Baliff

FOSM Collection

The federal court at Fort Smith employed a large number of people during the time it had jurisdiction over Indian Territory. Click here for more information the deputy marshals and other court officials.

Did You Know?

Trail of Tears Routes

The Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, (Muscogee) Creek and Seminole Indian tribes were forcibly moved to Indian Territory on what became known as the Trail of Tears. The Arkansas River served as a water route to Fort Smith where they received supplies before crossing the river into Indian Territory.