• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

August 29, 1879 Execution

rope tied as a noose
On August 29, 1879, the federal court at Fort Smith executed two men convicted for unrelated murders. William Elliott, alias Colorado Bill, killed David J. Brown in Muskogee in February 1879. Suspected of murders in four different states, a local newspaper noted that "He will hardly be wanted...after they get through with him here." Dr. Henri Stewart, a physician educated at Harvard and Yale, abandoned his family in Illinois in 1877 for reasons unknown. Arriving in Indian Territory, he joined a gang of outlaws and in May 1879 killed J.B. Jones in an attempted train robbery in the Choctaw Nation.

Did You Know?

Parker seated at his bench in 6th Street courtroom

The only known image of Judge Parker in his courtroom is this one from the federal courthouse on Sixth Street which dates from the 1890s. There are no photographs of the courtroom located in the former military barracks.