• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

April 3, 1874 Execution

rope tied as noose
On April 3, 1874, three Indian men were executed for three separate crimes. John Billy, a Choctaw Indian was convicted of the murder of deputy marshal Perry Duval on November 2, 1873. Isaac Filmore, a full-blood Choctaw approximately seventeen years old was found guilty of killing a traveler from California for his shoes and $1.50. John Pointer, a Seminole Indian, had murdered a white man in the Chickasaw Nation. This was the third of four executions that occurred before Isaac Parker was appointed District Judge in Fort Smith.

Did You Know?

Parker seated at his bench in 6th Street courtroom

The only known image of Judge Parker in his courtroom is this one from the federal courthouse on Sixth Street which dates from the 1890s. There are no photographs of the courtroom located in the former military barracks.