• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

Civil War Buckle


This is part of a two piece, Confederate, silverplated belt buckle in the shape of a wreath. Inside of the wreath is a horizontal, rectangular slot for the insertion of the second piece that was circular and had the initials "C.S." or their state letters in block lettering. This artifact was found on the grounds of Fort Smith National Historic Site. Confederate troops occupied Fort Smith at the beginning of the Civil War. Union troops reoccupied Fort Smith in September of 1863 until the end of the Civil War.

Click here to return to Artifacts of the Park.

Did You Know?

Interior of jail cell with box for prisoners to visit with their lawyers

The conditions at the federal jail at Fort Smith were so horrible that it received the nickname "Hell on the Border." Up to 50 men were crowded into one large cell with limited ventilation and poor sanitary conditions.