• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

1816 Springfield

1816 Springfield
NPS Photo
 

1816 Springfield

Caliber .69

Barrel length: 42"

This is a flintlock musket. It fires by striking a piece of flint against piece of steel. Basically a close copy of the a common musket from the Revolutionary war, the 1777 French Charleville, the 1816 Springfield was used by the army through the Mexican War. Due to the shortage of weapons, Confederates used these until they could find better weapons. A well-trained soldier could fire this weapon three times a minute because of the smoothbore barrel but could only shoot about 60 yards. This musket would have been carried in Fort Smith in 1821 by the seventh infantry.

Back to Weapons of Fort Smith

Did You Know?

foundation remains of first fort overlooking Arkansas River

The U.S. Army selected a spot overlooking the confluence of the Arkansas and Poteau Rivers for the site of a fort. Soldiers from the Rifle Regiment arrived in 1817 and named the site Fort Smith after their commanding officer, Thomas A. Smith.