• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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1816 Springfield

1816 Springfield
NPS Photo

1816 Springfield

Caliber .69

Barrel length: 42"

This is a flintlock musket. It fires by striking a piece of flint against piece of steel. Basically a close copy of the a common musket from the Revolutionary war, the 1777 French Charleville, the 1816 Springfield was used by the army through the Mexican War. Due to the shortage of weapons, Confederates used these until they could find better weapons. A well-trained soldier could fire this weapon three times a minute because of the smoothbore barrel but could only shoot about 60 yards. This musket would have been carried in Fort Smith in 1821 by the seventh infantry.

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Did You Know?

Portrait of Anna Dawes

A woman was responsible for the building of a modern federal jail at Fort Smith, AR, in 1888. Anna Dawes, daughter of Sen. Dawes of MA, visited the "Hell on the Border" jail in 1885 and wrote an article describing its conditions. When read in Congress, money was quickly approved for a new jail.