This ranger guided tour will take students through 24 years of Fort Smith's Federal Court history. Students will stand inside the first jail and learn about what it would have been like for prisoners incarcerated at Fort Smith's first federal jail. The tour then leads students to the second jail, which was built to improve prisoners' living conditions. Along with stories about prison life in the second jail, students will learn about the important role of the Deputy Marshals in the justice system. Students will finish their program in Judge Parker's courtroom where they will learn more about his life, some of the cases over which he presided. Depending on time and the teacher's lesson plan objectives, student can be taken to the outdoor gallows for a ranger talk about executions and what happened on the days in which they took place.
Students will learn about:
Length: 45 - 60 minutes
Group Size: 45 maximum
Program involves walking short distances covering two floors. There is an elevator for ADA accessibility.
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Did You Know?
A woman was responsible for the building of a modern federal jail at Fort Smith, AR, in 1888. Anna Dawes, daughter of Sen. Dawes of MA, visited the "Hell on the Border" jail in 1885 and wrote an article describing its conditions. When read in Congress, money was quickly approved for a new jail.