• Fort Parade Ground and Officers Quarters as seen from Guardhouse

    Fort Scott

    National Historic Site Kansas

Infantry Soldier-Tools of the Trade

Infantry Soldier Model BrogansFatigue CapCartridge SlingBayonet SlingWaist Belt

The tools in this case are the parts of the infantry soldier's uniform and his accouterments

  • Brogans-Made with leather-black and square toed.
  • Dress Jacket-Used for dress parades and guard duty. Dark blue with white piping and double breasted row of buttons.
  • Shako-Tall hat, made of wool with white cotton plume. Used as part of the dress uniform.
  • Neck Stock-A Black Band of Leather worn around the neck. It helped (somewhat) to protect the soldier from saber wounds to the neck.
  • Fatigue Cap or Wheel Cap-Made of wool with leather visor-the everyday cap of the soldier.
  • Fatigue Jacket-made of wool-sky blue-with white piping
  • Fatigue Trousers-plain, sky blue, wool-sergeants and corporals had stripes on their pants
  • Cotton or Flannel Undershirt Wheel Cap Fatigue Jacket
  • Bayonet Sling-made of white leather. Holds the bayonet.

Infantry soldier with weapon
  • Bayonet-A metal spearlike weapon, detachable, and affixes to the ends of muskets and rifles. Used in hand-to-hand combat. Also used unofficially by privates as a spit, a tent peg, or a candleholder.
  • Cartridge Box-made of black leather. Used to hold cartridges. Cartridges were cylindrical tubes of paper that contained a charge of black powder and a bullet or ball.
  • Cartridge Sling-made of white leather. Used by the infantry to carry their cartridge boxes.
  • Waist Belt-made of white leather. Goes around the waist and has a belt buckle attached.
  • Whisk and Pick-used to clean black powder residue out of the pan and the touchhole of the musket.
  • Musket-a long smoothbore weapon. The muskets used at Fort Scott were flintlocks.
Infantry Hunting Horn
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Did You Know?

Col. George Croghan

Colonel George Croghan, the inspector general, visited the fort in 1844. He praised living conditions, but disliked the layout. He remarked that the hospital "interrupted in the most offensive way, the only refreshing summer breezes" One author doubted that any building could stop a Kansas wind.