• Fort Parade Ground and Officers Quarters as seen from Guardhouse

    Fort Scott

    National Historic Site Kansas

Guardhouse - Overview


When the President takes the oath of office he promises to defend the Constitution from all enemies, foreign and domestic. Guards on duty at Fort Scott had essentially the same mission. Their duty was to patrol the perimeter to keep intruders out and to keep the peace within the confines of the fort.

In this station, presenters have the option of playing a prisoner or a guard. Guards are dressed in dress uniform, and prisoners are dressed in regular fatigues. Topics relating to discipline, crime and punishment, treatment of prisoners, and the duties of guards are all appropriate topics.

The program will take place in and around the guardhouse. The guardhouse consists of three cells, a prison room, a guard room, and a room for the officer of the guard. The guardhouse housed prisoners during the 1840s. After the fort was abandoned, it served as the city jail. For a brief period of time during the Civil War, it became a unit of the hospital complex, but after the war it reverted to a jail until it was torn down in about 1900.

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Did You Know?

African American, American Indian, and white soldiers trained at Fort Scott.

Soldiers at Fort Scott formed the first "rainbow coalition" during the Civil War. African American, American Indian, and Euro American soldiers fought in this area. Many, including the First Kansas Colored, Sixth Kansas Cavalry, and elements of the Indian Home Guard trained at Fort Scott.