• Fort Parade Ground and Officers Quarters as seen from Guardhouse

    Fort Scott

    National Historic Site Kansas

Teacher Workshops

African American Soldiers

African American Reenactors

NPS Photo

They Fought Like Tigers: Unsung Heroes of the Civil War Era.

The year 1863 marked the turning point of the Civil War. Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg halted a tide of Confederate victories. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation meant that the object of the war had shifted from one of just preserving the Union to having a dual purpose of also abolishing slavery.Furthermore, Lincoln's proclamation authorized the recruitment of African American soldiers, which was not only a step towards equality, but it also signaled a psychological shift due to the impact of former slaves taking up arms against their masters. Fort Scott played a role in the recruitment and training of black regiments who were the first to serve from a northern state and the first to defeat the Confederates in combat.

Sponsored by the National Park Service and the Lowell Milken Center, this teachers' workshop will examine the stories of these soldiers and other unsung heroes of the Bleeding Kansas/ Civil War era. Using project based learning, participants will examine ways to bring the stories of these unsung heroes to life for their students.

  • Workshop will be held Friday afternoon and evening and all day Saturday-September 20 and 21, 2013.
  • Participation is limited to 30 people.
  • Call the Lowell Milken Center (620-223-9991) to register.

Agenda for Teachers Workshop

Friday, September 20

3:30 p.m. - Participants arrive and check in
4:00 p.m. - Workshop opening, overview and logistics
Barak Geertsen, Park Ranger, Fort Scott NHS
Welcome to the workshop
  • Kelley Collins, Chief of Interpretation and Resource Management, Fort Scott NHS
  • Norm Conard, Executive Director, Lowell Milken Center
  • Heather Griffith, Director of Economic Development, City of Fort Scott
  • B.B. Stotts, Graduate and Continuing Studies, Pittsburg State University
4:15 p.m. - "Williams' Response to Lincoln Sparked a Turning Point"
  • Presentation by Quentin Umphenour, Freshman, Jayhawk Linn High School
4:30 p.m. - "Down the Military Road and Beyond" 1st Kansas Presentation
  • Mr. Robert W. Lull, Retired Army Officer & History Instructor, McLennan Community College, Waco TX
5:45 p.m. – Break
6:00 p.m. - From Enlistment to Grave-Evening Tour of Fort Scott
  • Galen Ewing, Park Ranger, Fort Scott NHS
7:00 p.m. - Dinner, Crooner's Lounge-optional

Saturday, September 21, 2013

9:00 a.m. - Welcome: They Fought Like Tigers: Overview of Educational Resources at Fort Scott NHS
  • Barak Geertsen, Park Ranger, Fort Scott NHS
9:15 a.m. - "Flawed Freedom Fighters" Border Wars presentation
  • Dr. Kristen Oertel, University of Tulsa
10:30 a.m. - Break
10:45 a.m. – Freedom's Road: African Americans in the Civil War"
  • Dr. William Piston, Missouri State University
12:00 p.m. – "The Underground Railroad in Kansas
  • Mr. Todd Mildfelt, Special Education Teacher, USD 609 Greenbush
12:35 p.m. - Lunch
1:50 p.m. - Project Based Learning Seminar-Lowell Milken Center
  • Norm Conard, Executive Director, Lowell Milken Center
  • Megan Felt, Program Director, Lowell Milken Center
  • Shannon Garrison, Educator, Solano Avenue Elementary, Los Angeles, CA
3:35 p.m. - Break and commute to National Cemetery·
4:00 p.m.- Cemetery Talk
  • Arnold Schofield, Retired NPS Historian, Fort Scott NHS
4:30 p.m. - Closing Remarks-at Cemetery
  • Barak Geertsen, Park Ranger, Fort Scott NHS

Did You Know?

A coyote in Kansas

During their free time, the officers enjoyed hunting. Captain Swords wrote "everybody here is hunting mad, hunting and dogs constitute their thoughts by day and dreams by night" Of another officer, Swords said that "wolf chasing and duck hunting" were the only things that reconciled him to the place