• Fort Parade Ground and Officers Quarters as seen from Guardhouse

    Fort Scott

    National Historic Site Kansas

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  • Exhibits Closed

    Beginning Monday August 25, the infantry barracks museum will be closed for remodeling and to prepare for a new theater and exhibits. Work is expected to be completed by spring of 2015. The site's movie will be played in the visitor center upon request.

Artillery - Overview

Artillery in Gun Shed at Fort Scott

The artillery was the most formidable of weapons used by the military in the 19th century. Artillery could fortify a position, provide defense against invasion and attacks, open up holes in enemy lines, and rain destruction down on opposing forces. Artillery often turned the tide of battle, those who held the high ground often were the victors in battle and artillery helped armies to hold the high ground.

Artillery pieces were present at Fort Scott, but they were used strictly for ceremonial purposes. They were never fired in anger. But soldiers from Fort Scott did use artillery for other purposes while out on campaign to impress the miilitary strength of the US. Army upon the native Americans and others they came in contact with.

During this station, presenters will talk briefly about the significance of the artillery, but will likely want to focus on how it was fired and will take students through a mock artillery drill.

The program will be given in or near the artillery shed, which is located in the post headquarters building.

This structure was completed in 1848. It contained the post commander's office, his adjutant's office, a court-martial room, an ordnance storeroom, and the gun shed which occupied the north part of the building.

There were two 6-pound field artillery pieces which were in use at Fort Scott from 1845 to 1853. The evidence indicates that the 6 pounders were made of iron, and were susceptible to the weather. The gun shed served as a safe storage area to protect these pieces from the weather. Also present in the shed is a mountain howitzer, which was not present at Fort Scott, but would have been used by dragoon soldiers out on campaign.

Cannon at Fort Scott
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Did You Know?

Park volunteer, Anatika Timmons-Lee (now deceased) portrays Anna in a dramatic presentation.

Many officers at Fort Scott in the 1840s owned slaves. One particular slave, Anna, was rented to Hiero Wilson, post sutler. Born free and educated, she was kidnapped into slavery in 1820, In 1849, she regained her freedom, married, operated a hotel in Eastern Kansas, and later became a pioneer.