Sir Walter Raleigh
Sir Walter Raleigh (1554 – 1618) was the imaginative force behind the Roanoke colonies. His meteoric rise to favor in the court of Queen Elizabeth was dazzling. Sustained by his service as explorer, soldier, seaman, and by his gifts as a writer, Raleigh’s position brought him vast estates, influence, and knighthood. However, Raleigh’s star faded following his unapproved marriage to Lady Elizabeth Throckmorton. By 1618, after a long stay in the Tower of London, he was executed for allegedly plotting to dethrone Queen Elizabeth’s successor, James I.
For more detailed information on Sir Walter Raleigh and his attempts to colonize the New World, read the Sir Walter Ralegh (how Sir Walter spelled his own name) section. The same information about Ralegh can be viewed in the context of the park's curriculum materials, Roanoke Revisited.
Did You Know?
An early major Union victory during the Civil War happened on Roanoke Island on February 8, 1862. 15,000 Union soldiers overran the Confederate garrison of only 3,000 men and opened up Eastern North Carolina to Union invasion. More...