The Civil War Sesquicentennial
The Civil War was a defining event in our nation's history. The National Park Service is commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Civil War from 2011 to 2015.
Civil War to Civil Rights
The Confederate National flag will fly above the fort six days a week from March 2011 until the 150th anniversary of the Siege of Fort Pulaski in 2012.The park will fly the 34-star United States flag on Sundays, in order to continue to interpret the Union occupation of the fort from April 1862 until the end of the Civil War. Likewise, when Fort Pulaski begins flying the 34-star American flag in April 2012, the Stars and Bars will fly on Sundays to interpret the Confederate occupation.
With South Carolina's secession from the United States in December of 1860, federal facilities, including armories, foundries, and forts, from across the south were being taken by their home states. On January 3, 1861, Georgia troops, under the direction of Govenor Joseph Brown, seized Fort Pulaski. This was just a first step that would lead to Georgia's secession a few weeks later. Fort Pulaski National Monument flew the Georgia Flag of Secession from January to March 2011.
From January 1861 until April 1862, the Fort Pulaski was Confederate occupied. On March 4, 1861, the Confederate national flag, also known as the Stars and Bars, was adopted in Montgomery, AL, the original capital of the Confederacy. This flag would fly above the fort for the next thirteen months. During that time, the garrison was busy preparing for whatever test that lay ahead. Fort Pulaski National Monument began flying the Confederate national flag in March 2011. The Stars and Bars will continue to fly until April 2012.
December 9 & 10, 2011: 150th anniversary of Fort Pulaski's Confederate "Nog Party"
For nearly two months, Union troops erected 36 guns in 11 batteries on the western shore of Tybee Island. The Union cannons on Tybee Island, over a mile away, converged on Fort Pulaski on April 10, 1862. After 30 hours, the brick walls of the fort were breached, and the Confederate fort surrendered on April 11. The historic battle featured the first significant use of rifled artillery against a masonry fort and had international ramifications on the future design and construction of coastal forts. Fort Pulaski National will fly the 34-star United States flag from April 2012 until the end of the Civil War Sesquicentennial in April 2015.
This event gave the Union garrison of Fort Pulaski a respite from the constant vigilance which they maintained throughout their year-long residence on Cockspur Island. The 48th New York State Volunteers threw the grand festival that included competitions, games, and even a great burlesque parade. The event concluded with a grand ball held within the fort attended by soldiers, families, and special guests alike. Fort Pulaski National Monument recreated some of the events from the festival including wheel barrow races, sack races, even a 19th century dress parade.
The goal of the State of Georgia's Sesquicentennial Commemoration website is to facilitate and promote an understanding of the Civil War and Georgia's role in it. Examining the many facets of the Civil War gives us a better understanding of Georgia's past.
Did You Know?
In the late 19th century caretakers of the fort lived in a two-story wooden frame house atop Fort Pulaski's massive walls. Caretakers later planted the two large pecan trees and fig tree seen inside the fort. Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia