Students working together at the fort.

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Grade Level:
Second Grade-Fourth Grade
Subject:
Civil War, History, Mathematics, Military and Wartime History, Social Studies
Duration:
30-45 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
in the park
National/State Standards:
Georgia Performance Standards/Common Core
Science    S2CS2, S3CS2,S4CS4
Mathematics    MCC2.OA.1, MCC2.NBT.5, MCC3.OA.1, MCC3.OA.3,  MCC4.OA.2, MCC4.NBT.4, MCC4.NBT.5
English  ELACC2RI1, ELACC2SL2, ELACC3RI1, ELACC3RI3, ELACC4RI1, ELACC4RI3,
Keywords:
Civil War, Forts, savannah, Scavenger hunt

Overview

This is a teacher-led activity to be done on site at the fort. The scavenger hunt functions as an interactive, self-guided fort tour for students. The student worksheet requires them to answer several questions as they visit various locations inside the fort.

Objective(s)

At the end of this activity, students will be able to:
1) Describe at least one reason that made Fort Pulaski a strong fort.
2) Describe at least one reason that made Fort Pulaski a good defender of Savannah.
3) Name at least one way in which life was different for soldiers inside the fort compared to today.



Background

Fort Pulaski was completed in 1847 to defend Savannah from foreign invaders. Capable of mounting more than 120 cannons, the fort was strategically located at the mouth of the Savannah River to intercept enemy ships. While stationed at Fort Pulaski, the soldiers lived, worked and practiced in the fort. Ships kept the fort regularly supplied with food, clothing, medicine and military equipment. The fort saw one battle--during the Civil War in 1862. About 400 Confederate soldiers inside the fort were defending it against Union soldiers firing long-range cannons from Tybee Island. The new Union cannons were able to pound two holes in the corner of the fort, and the Confederates surrendered.



Procedure

Print the lesson plan, student worksheets and pre-visit vocabulary list from the pdf file on the park website.

If you want to borrow clipboards from the park, notify the park in advance at 912-786-5787, extension 113.
Bring your students inside the fort. The lesson begins inside the fort at the entrance.

Follow the instructions on the lesson plan, which will guide your group around the fort.

Have the students fill out their answer sheets as they progress through the fort.

Be sure that your students are on their best behavior, appropriate for a national monument and military site. There should be no climbing on the cannons, no running or wild horseplay, no standing or sitting on the outside walls at the top of the fort, and no wild yelling and screaming.

Assessment

The teacher can review the student worksheets to assess their success in learning about the fort.



Vocabulary

Ammunition--material fired from guns and cannons.
Cannon--a large and heavy weapon that fires big ammunition.
Casemate--a large and strong room that holds cannons.