Lesson Plan

Traveling the National Road – Unit 9: Historic Site Cards

Illustration of the Dunlap's Creek Iron Bridge in Brownsville, PA
Dunlap's Creek Iron Bridge in Brownsville, PA
Federal Highway Administration, by Carl Rakeman

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Grade Level:
Second Grade-Fourth Grade
Subject:
Commerce and Industry, Economics, Transportation, Westward Expansion
Duration:
45 – 180 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
National Standards for History: K-4 Standard 2, 3, 5, 8. Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: II,  VIII. Common Core: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1, 3.2,  3.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.2, 3.3, 3.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.3.4.

Overview

In “Traveling the National Road (Historic Site Cards)” students will learn about 7 historic sites associated with the National Road in Pennsylvania that are still standing today.  The importance of each historic site is discussed.

The “Traveling the National Road” teacher’s guide is broken into ten units and is targeted for 3rd grade students.  Each unit can be completed independently.  This is unit 9 and contains 7 historic site cards (student readings) and three activities.


Objective(s)

Guiding Question: Are there sites or structures associated with the National Road standing? What is interesting about the sites or structures? Where are the sites and structures located in Pennsylvania?

 

Critical Content: Many sites and structures associated with the National Road are still standing in Pennsylvania. The historic site cards highlight 7 sites or structures providing interesting facts about each along with their location.

 

Student objectives: Students will…

·        List the name of a site or structure associated with the National Road that is still standing in Pennsylvania

·        List two interesting facts about that site or structure

·        List how the site or structure was associated with the National Road

 



Background

The "Traveling the National Road" teacher's guide is broken into ten units and is targeted for 3rd grade students. Each unit can be completed independently. Units 1 - 6 each have teacher background, a student reading and two student activities. Unit 7 has fourteen biography cards of people associated with the National Road along with two student activities. Unit 8 has fourteen occupation cards of jobs that were associated with the National Road along with three student activities. Unit 9 discusses seven historic sites in Pennsylvania associated with the National Road. Unit 10 has other activities and an appendix. Additionally there are two posters: one is a map of the National Road and the other is a list of the historic tolls.

 

Check out the other units:

 

Unit 1: Overview of the National Road

Unit 2: Construction of the National Road

Unit 3: Travelers and Transportation on the National Road

Unit 4: Accommodation on the National Road

Unit 5: Workers Along the National Road

Unit 6: Decline and Rebirth of the National Road

Unit 7: Biography Cards

Unit 8: Occupation Cards

Unit 9: Historic Site Cards

Unit 10: Other Activities and Appendix

 

The teacher's guide is also available free on a CD or as a printed version in a three ring binder. Please email us if you would like to receive the teacher's guide in one of these formats.



Materials

Unit 9: Historic Site Cards. This unit is an 18 page long pdf covering seven historic sites associated with the National Road in Pennsylvania. Each historic site card is written for the students to read. There are three student activities associated with this unit.



Procedure

1.    Download the pdf of the lesson plan

2.    Read the three student activities

3.    Make copies of the historic site cards for the students

4.    Teach and discuss with the students

 



Park Connections

This lesson relates to the Mount Washington Tavern located in the main unit of Fort Necessity National Battlefield. The tavern was a 1830s stagecoach stop along the National Road and is now a furnished museum. It tells the story of travelers, transportation and accommodations along the road. This lesson will help students prepare for the "Travelers and Workers Along the National Road" field trip.

 



Additional Resources

Map of the National Road

Toll Rates

National Road Timeline



Vocabulary

Dunlap’s Creek Iron Bridge, Great Crossings Bridge, LeMoyne House, Mile Markers, Mount Washington Tavern, S Bridge, Addison Tollhouse, Searights Tollhouse, Cast Iron, Temporary, Arch, Shallow, Traffic