Lesson Plan

Traveling the National Road  - Unit 7: Biography Cards

Illustration of travelers being greeted by the tavern keeper’s wife as they arrive
Travelers being greeted by the tavern keeper’s wife as they arrive
National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center

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Grade Level:
Second Grade-Fourth Grade
Subject:
Commerce and Industry, Economics, Immigration, Slavery, Transportation, U.S. Presidents, Westward Expansion
Duration:
45 - 180 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
National Standards for History: K-4 Standard 2, 3, 5, 8. Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: I, II, III, VI, VII,  VIII. Common Core: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1, 3.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.2, 3.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.1, 3.4.

Overview

In “Traveling the National Road (Biography Cards)” students will learn about 14 different people associated with the National Road.  Each person has a different occupation and is linked to an occupation card.

The “Traveling the National Road” teacher’s guide is broken into ten units and is targeted for 3rd grade students.  Each unit can be completed independently.  This is unit 7 and contains 14 biography cards (student readings) and two activities.


Objective(s)

Guiding Question: Who worked or traveled along the National Road? What was interesting about their lives? How did the National Road affect them?

 

Critical Content: The National Road affected many peoples' lives, both workers and travelers. The biography cards highlight 14 people associated with the National Road along with interesting facts about each person.

 

Student objectives: Students will…

·        List the name of a person associated with the National Road

·        List two interesting facts about the person

·        List how the person was associated with the National Road

 



Background

 

The "Traveling the National Road" teacher's guide is broken into ten units and is targeted for 3rd grade students. Each unit can be completed independently. Units 1 - 6 each have teacher background, a student reading and two student activities. Unit 7 has fourteen biography cards of people associated with the National Road along with two student activities. Unit 8 has fourteen occupation cards of jobs that were associated with the National Road along with three student activities. Unit 9 discusses seven historic sites in Pennsylvania associated with the National Road. Unit 10 has other activities and an appendix. Additionally there are two posters: one is a map of the National Road and the other is a list of the historic tolls.

 

Check out the other units:

 

Unit 1: Overview of the National Road

Unit 2: Construction of the National Road

Unit 3: Travelers and Transportation on the National Road

Unit 4: Accommodation on the National Road

Unit 5: Workers Along the National Road

Unit 6: Decline and Rebirth of the National Road

Unit 7: Biography Cards

Unit 8: Occupation Cards

Unit 9: Historic Site Cards

Unit 10: Other Activities and Appendix

 

The teacher's guide is also available free on a CD or as a printed version in a three ring binder. Please email us if you would like to receive the teacher's guide in one of these formats.



Materials

Unit 7: Biography Cards. This unit is a 30 page long pdf covering the biographies of 14 people associated with the National Road. Each biography card is written for the students to read. New vocabulary is highlighted on each card.



Procedure

 

1.    Download the pdf of the lesson plan

2.    Read the two student activities

3.    Make copies of the biography cards for the students

4.    Teach and discuss with the students



Park Connections

This lesson relates to the Mount Washington Tavern located in the main unit of Fort Necessity National Battlefield. The tavern was a 1830s stagecoach stop along the National Road and is now a furnished museum. It tells the story of travelers, transportation and accommodations along the road. This lesson will help students prepare for the "Travelers and Workers Along the National Road" field trip.

 



Additional Resources

Map of the National Road

Toll Rates

National Road Timeline



Vocabulary

Crops, Drought, Frontier, Integrity, Mechanical, Poled, Privacy, Soothe, Debt, Noble, Retired, Auction, Courthouse, Legislature, Splendid, Suspicious, Slavery, Speaker, Bellows, Blacksmith, Compete, Forge, Inventor, Shoe, Traffic, Barroom, Hospitable, Profit, On duty, Grief, Freight, Harvest