Lesson Plan

Traveling the National Road - Unit 4: Accommodation on the National Road

A photograph of the historic Mount Washington Tavern which is now a museum
The historic Mount Washington Tavern which served stagecoach passenger is now a museum.
National Park Service

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Grade Level:
Second Grade-Fourth Grade
Subject:
Commerce and Industry, Economics, Transportation, Westward Expansion
Duration:
45 – 90 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
National Standards for History: K-4 Standard 1, 2, 3, 5, 8. Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: II, VII, VIII. Common Core: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.3.4.

Overview

In “Traveling the National Road (Accommodation on the National Road)” students will learn what types of food and overnight accommodations were found along the National Road.

The “Traveling the National Road” teacher’s guide is broken into ten units and is targeted for 3rd grade students.  Each unit can be completed independently.  This is unit 4 and contains teacher background, a student reading and two activities.


Objective(s)

Guiding Question: What kinds of meals and places to stay were found along on the National Road? What types of foods were served? How are they different from today's meals and places to stay?

 

Critical Content: Stagecoach tavern meals were served family style with many familiar foods for the travelers. Men and women slept separately in dormitory style rooms. Many tavern objects have changed over time.

 

Student objectives: Students will…

·        List two things people could buy at a tavern

·        List two differences between a stagecoach tavern and a wagon tavern

·        List five foods that were served at stagecoach taverns and three that were not

·        Explain how three objects were used by travelers

 



Background

The "Traveling the National Road" teacher's guide is broken into ten units and is targeted for 3rd grade students. Each unit can be completed independently. Units 1 - 6 each have teacher background, a student reading and two student activities. Unit 7 has fourteen biography cards of people associated with the National Road along with two student activities. Unit 8 has fourteen occupation cards of jobs that were associated with the National Road along with three student activities. Unit 9 discusses seven historic sites in Pennsylvania associated with the National Road. Unit 10 has other activities and an appendix. Additionally there are two posters: one is a map of the National Road and the other is a list of the historic tolls.

 

Check out the other units:

 

Unit 1: Overview of the National Road

Unit 2: Construction of the National Road

Unit 3: Travelers and Transportation on the National Road

Unit 4: Accommodation on the National Road

Unit 5: Workers Along the National Road

Unit 6: Decline and Rebirth of the National Road

Unit 7: Biography Cards

Unit 8: Occupation Cards

Unit 9: Historic Site Cards

Unit 10: Other Activities and Appendix 

 

The teacher's guide is also available free on a CD or as a printed version in a three ring binder. Please email us if you would like to receive the teacher's guide in one of these formats.



Materials

Unit 4: Accommodation on the National Road. This unit is a 14 page long pdf covering the types of meals and overnight accommodations were found along the road, what foods were served, and how some common objects have changed over time.



Procedure

 

1.    Download the pdf

2.    Read the teacher background

3.    Make copies of the student reading for each student

4.    Make copies of the activities for each students

5.    Teach and discuss with the students



Park Connections

This lesson relates to the Mount Washington Tavern located in the main unit of Fort Necessity. The tavern was a 1830s stagecoach stop along the National Road that is now a furnished museum. It tells the story of travelers, transportation and accommodations along the road. This lesson will help students prepare for the "Travelers and Workers Along the National Road" field trip 



Additional Resources

Map of the National Road

Toll Rates

National Road Timeline



Vocabulary

Tavern, Barroom, Parlor